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Iran JCPOA Update - 17 June 2019
Iran’s Stockpile of Enriched Uranium to Exceed 300-kg Limit in 10 Days: Official

TEHRAN (Tasnim) – Spokesman for the Atomic Energy Organization of Iran (AEOI) Behrouz Kamalvandi announced on Monday that the country has accelerated uranium enrichment activities and its stockpile of enriched uranium is going to surpass a 300 kg limit within the next ten days.

Speaking to reporters at the Khandab heavy water facilities at the Arak nuclear site on Monday, Kamalvandi announced a further halt to certain commitments of Iran under the 2015 nuclear deal, including plans for an unlimited rise in the stockpile of enriched uranium.

Iran has increased the output of enriched uranium in Natanz nuclear site, he said, adding that a countdown started today. “We will have surpassed the 300-kg limit (on stockpile of uranium) within ten days,” the spokesman said, stressing that the pace of uranium enrichment to 3.67 percent purity will also rise.

He further said that Iran may not need to export the surplus heavy water anymore in coming years. The spokesman dismissed the US notion that the Arak heavy water facilities will be automatically closed if the Iranian heavy water finds no international customers, highlighting the local needs and the growing internal market for the product.

Kamalvandi went on to say that as soon as the European parties to the 2015 nuclear deal take “practical measures” to ensure Iran’s interest, Tehran will be able to return to the previous commitments. Iran has also set a 60-day deadline for the remaining JCPOA parties to fulfill their undertakings. In a meeting with Secretary General of the European External Action Service (EEAS) Helga Schmid on Saturday, Iran’s Deputy Foreign Minister Abbas Araqchi reminded the EU parties that the two-month deadline will by no means be extended.

For the first step in halting certain commitments under the JCPOA, Iran has ceased to observe the limits on uranium enrichment and begun to produce an unlimited amount of heavy water at the Arak nuclear facility during the 60-day deadline.
Spokesman: Mock INSTEX Not of Value to Tehran

“We have explicitly articulated what we expect [from the nuclear agreement] as our rights and dividends,” Mousavi said today, when asked by reporters if Tehran will put the second step into practice should Europeans execute the first financial transaction through the EU-proposed Instrument in Support of Trade Exchanges (INSTEX) before the 60-day grace given to the remaining signatories to the nuclear deal is due.

“Iran must retain its oil revenues as much as it used to earn before the unilateral withdrawal of the US from the agreement, and it again depends if Iran’s expectations are met with the total sum of money they have allocated for delivering on their promises and honoring the deal,” Mousavi highlighted.

“So long as practical steps with tangible outputs are not undertaken to meet the rightful demands of Iran which are legally justified under the JCPOA, we will keep scaling down our commitments,” the Iranian diplomat reiterated, warning, “We will undertake the second step within the next couple of days if they fail to take any action.”

On Friday, Iranian Foreign Minister Mohammad Javad Zarif said that his country is fully prepared to take the next step to further lower its compliance with the nuclear deal on July 07, 60 days after the country demanded Europeans to deliver on their promises, to let Tehran benefit from the dividends stipulated in the agreement.

Spokesman and Deputy Head of the Atomic Energy Organization of Iran (AEOI) Behrouz Kamalvandi announced on last Monday that the country had sped up uranium enrichment and would pass the 300-kg ceiling specified under the nuclear deal on June 27. He further pointed to Iran's further modifications of its nuclear deal undertakings after the 60-day deadline, and noted that enhancing the enrichment levels could be one such move, depending on the country's needs and relevant decisions by officials.

"Uranium enrichment can increase to any (purity) level over 3.67%, it could start from 3.68% to whatever level needed, depending on the decision of officials," the spokesman said, added, "There are two scenarios, including one that entails enrichment beyond 3.67% for the Bushehr reactor which will need 5% fuel, or produce 20% fuel for the Tehran (research) reactor."
INSTEX "ready to be operational" (Mogherini):

"We have been working a lot with our member states a mechanism to allow legitimate trade with Iran. I believe now this is ready to be operational and I hope that this is something that can help Iran (remain) compliant with the agreement as it has done so far," Mogherini said.

This comes as Iran is due to exceed the cap of 300kg of LEU (3.67%) tomorrow and a few weeks before Iran's 60 day deadline expires.

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