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Pakistan-India crisis
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    Pakistan says four civilians killed by Indian shellingSource CNN’s Swati Gupta in Delhi and Adeel Raja in IslamabadPakistan’s military says four of its civilians are dead and two others injured as a result of cross-border fire from India, a spokesperson told CNN.Pakistan says it retaliated in response to India’s "deliberate firing on civilians." The most recent shelling by Pakistani artillery was in the Pani district of Pakistan-controlled Kashmir.In a statement on cross border violence Thursday, Indian’s army accused Pakistan of initiating the attacks earlier this morning. The Indian statement said Pakistan fired mortars and small arms over the Line of Control and into the Krishna Ghati sector of Indian-controlled Kashmir.Pakistan said that on Friday it would release the Indian pilot who has been in Pakistani custody since his plane was shot down on Wednesday.“We are releasing the Indian pilot tomorrow as a gesture for peace,” Prime Minister Imran Khan said in a televised address Thursday.
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    Short timeline of current events
  • Pakistan says it will release an Indian pilot who was shot down over Kashmir, in an attempt to defuse the gravest crisis in the disputed border region in years.  
  • The release of the pilot, who will be freed on Friday, appeared to be an attempt to halt days of spiraling tensions between the two nuclear-armed countries.
  • A confrontation between Indian and Pakistani fighter jets over Kashmir on Wednesday came a day after India said it launched airstrikes in Pakistani territory, the first such incursion by Indian military planes since 1971.
  • The crisis comes two weeks after a suicide attack in Indian-controlled Kashmir killed 40 Indian soldiers on February 14.
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India and Pakistan have been locked in a struggle over Kashmir for more than 70 years, and the restive region is back in the news again this week.
So why does the mountainous region mean so much to the two countries?
Kashmir initially remained independent and was free to accede to either nation. When the Hindu king of Kashmir chose to join India in exchange for military protection, Jammu and Kashmir state became the only Muslim-majority state in the country.
Jammu and Kashmir covers around 45% of Kashmir, in the south and east of the region, while Pakistan controls Azad Kashmir, Gilgit and Baltistan -- which cover around 35% of the total territory in the north and west. Both countries claim complete ownership of Kashmir; also in the picture is China, which controls around 20% of Kashmir territory known as Aksai Chin.

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Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi made his first public comments since an Indian pilot was detained by Pakistan. Modi did not talk specifically about Pakistan or the pilot, instead, the prime minister spoke in general terms about trusting in the "army's capabilities" and working hard for the "prosperity of the country."
Meanwhile, hot off the heals of his summit with North Korean leader Kim Jong Un, US President Donald Trump addressed the crisis in Kashmir and alluded to possible US attempts to deescalate the situation.
"They've been going at it, and we've been involved in trying to have them stop. And we have some reasonably decent news, hopefully that's going to be coming to an end," said Trump.
Pakistan's Finance Minister Asad Umar said that the country is "at the cross road of history" as tensions between the nuclear armed neighbors become increasingly fraught. While the Indian Minister of State for External Affairs, General Vijay Kumar Singh called for the release of the pilot who was taken into custody in Pakistan. Identifying him as Wing Commander Abhinandan, Singh described him as the “embodiment of a mentally tough, selfless & courageous soldier."
And there were severe disruptions to thousands of flights around the world as Pakistan closed its airspace for the second straight day. All international and domestic commercial flights in and out of Pakistan were canceled "until further notice" and Thai Airways announced that all its European routes were suspended. The airline later reopened its routes to Europe but Thai Airways flights to Pakistan remain canceled.

Pakistan and India have differing versions of what has occurred in recent days, but both say they do not want to see further escalations as they continue to deal with the fallout of a deadly attack on Indian security forces earlier this month. Here's what both sides have had to say:
What Pakistan says:
  • Pakistan says its air force shot down two Indian fighter jets over the disputed border region of Kashmir on Wednesday. One fell inside Pakistan-controlled Kashmir, while another went down in the Indian-controlled region of Kashmir.
  • Pakistan says one Indian pilot was arrested and is now in military custody.
  • Pakistan's Prime Minister Imran Khan said it was "retaliation" for Tuesday's incursion by India.
  • Pakistan's Foreign Ministry said in a statement that "India has been trying to establish what they call 'a new normal,' a thinly veiled term for doing acts of aggression at whatever pretext they wish on a given day."
What India says:
  • India says it only lost one aircraft Wednesday, but did not say where it went down. It also said that it shot down a Pakistani jet as it responded to the incident.
  • India acknowledged that one of its pilots was missing.
  • Indian Foreign Affairs Minister Sushma Swaraj said that Tuesday's pre-dawn operation was launched because of the "continuing refusal of Pakistan to acknowledge and act against terror groups on its territory."
  • India blames the militant group Jaish-e-Mohammed (JeM) for a suicide car bomb attack in Indian-controlled Kashmir, which killed 40 Indian paramilitary soldiers on February 14. India had previously said that Pakistan had a "direct hand" in the attack.
Pakistan says it shot down two Indian jets as Kashmir border crisis deepens
Pakistan says its air force shot down two Indian fighter jets over the disputed border region of Kashmir on Wednesday.
India confirmed the loss of one plane and a pilot, and said it shot down a Pakistani jet as it responded to the incident.
The confrontation came a day after India said it launched airstrikes in Pakistani territory, the first such incursion by Indian Air Force planes since the India-Pakistan war of 1971.
The deepening crisis was triggered by a deadly attack on Indian security forces in Indian-controlled Kashmir earlier this month, for which India has blamed the militant group Jaish-e-Mohammed (JeM).
India had previously said that Pakistan had a "direct hand" in the attack -- the deadliest on security forces since the beginning of the insurgency in the late 1980s. Pakistan has vehemently denied having a role in the incident.

Pakistan reject claim that F-16 aircrafts are used and one was downed but india posted AIM 120 image as proof that F-16 are used
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