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Unha-9/Sepehr- Kwangmyongsong-5 (BrightStar-5) - Sohae SLC - XX FEB, 2020 (XX:XX UTC)
#1
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Unha-9/Sepehr- Kwangmyongsong-5 (BrightStar-5) - Sohae SLC - XX FEB, 2020 (XX:XX UTC)

First posted 14 October 2019; Uncensored version reposted 15 December 2019; Updated 25 December 2019

Table of Contents

•  Foreword TBD
1. Background Updated 18 December 2019
2. Supreme Leader Kim Jong Un Ascends Mt Paektu on Horseback Updated 16 December 2019

3. Disclosure Of The Unha-X's Proof Of Concept Updated 17 December 2019
4. Disclosure Of The Unha-9C's Proof Of Concept Updated 21 January 2020
5. The 23rd October 2019 Advanced Launch Notice Updated 25 December 2019
6. The 7th December 2019 Static Test of The Paektusan-1D Engine Updated 16 December 2019
7. The Inter-Korean Space Race Updated 16 December 2019
8. Previous Disclosure Of The Payload Updated 25 December 2019
9. Launch Campaign Updated 21 January 2020

1. Background

Some internet fanboy have favored the idea of the test-flight of the Unha-9 SLV first stage.

The DPRK was in a leading position at the end of 2017, after having successfully tested a Paektusan-1C dual chamber rocket engine configuration in the Hwasong-15, seemingly the second stage of the Unha-9 before South Korea's own KSLV-II TLV.

Due to the DPRK volontary suspension of further test-flight since 2018, it is now under the pressure of the flawless test-flight on 28 November 2018, of the South Korean competitor, the 75 ton-force thrust KSLV-II TLV.

Any more delay would allow the South Korean space agency KARI to complete the development of its KSLV-II, before NADA.

Delays in the South Korean space launcher's development and political instabilities are only temporary.

Indeed, KARI's pilot launch vehicle KSLV-II TL was originally scheduled for 2017, the KSLV-2 Nuri SLV for 2019, the lunar orbiter and rover for 2020, the lunar return sample for 2025, and the 10 tons manned spacecraft for 2030.

The past 5 years have demonstrated that the North Korean supreme leadership is always willing to take the maximum risk in order to reap the maximum rewards.

In addition, the space race between the two Koreas is forcing NADA, according to its Second Space Development Five-Year Plan starting in 2017, to send a heavy launcher, a geostationary satellite, a Lunar orbiter and an astronaut into space, all within 5 years!

Difficulty: High
Prestige: Medium
World tension: High

2. Supreme Leader Kim Jong Un Ascends Mt Paektu on Horseback


North Korea's upcoming end to its self-declared moratorium on space launch.

Quote:DPRK FM Spokesperson Denounces US Moves against DPRK

A spokesperson for the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the DPRK released the following statement on October 10:

Despite our warnings, six EU countries, including Britain, France and Germany, held a closed-door meeting of the UNSC at the instigation of the US on October 8 to release a statement "critical" of our self-defensive measure.

The UNSC, which allegedly champions fairness and equity, picked fault with the just measure belonging to our right to self-defence, while keeping mum about the test-fire of Minuteman 3 ICBM recently conducted by the US. This is a serious provocation against us.

Worse still, the US begged for the DPRK-US working-level negotiations, but it came to the talks with empty hands, thus breaking them off. Yet, it claimed that the result of negotiations was positive, and encouraged its satellites to release a statement critical of the DPRK. We are now looking closely into what the US intends to do.

As acknowledged by the international community, the US conducted the recent ICBM test-fire in a bid to pressure the DPRK. The DPRK can give tit for tat, but it is now controlling itself under the judgment that a counteraction is not necessary yet and it is still premature.

But there is a limit to our patience and there is no guarantee that all our patience would continue indefinitely.

Despite our strong warnings, the UNSC, without a correct yardstick, has put on the table for no justifiable reason the issue belonging to our right to self-defence just to meet someone's interests. The reality urges us to reconsider the crucial measures we have taken on our own initiative for the confidence-building with the US.

2019-10-11

http://www.naenara.com.kp/main/index/en/news

October 14th, 2019 video showing the popular support among the North Korean citizens for more space launches:


[Image: 32ba790ed1633e8b845f68769ae100cbd08f3908.png]
https://archive.fo/WhrC2/32ba790ed1633e8...8f3908.png ; https://archive.fo/WhrC2/5896786017dfcc2...e2/scr.png ; http://web.archive.org/web/2019101422060...YvbJFh.png ; [plain]youtube.com/watch?v=acZg6kwyvPg[/plain]
1. North Koreans' reaction to the "Pukguksong-3" missile test [KOREAN].  붉은별 TV [NEW]. Published 14 October 2019.


October 11th, 2019 video showing strong support for Kim Jong Un's policy:


[plain]youtube.com/watch?v=QSPUugRzdI0[/plain]
2. We Think of the Marshal, Awake or Asleep [ENGLISH].  붉은별 TV [NEW]. Published October 11th, 2019.


Also confirmed by the U.S.' preparations for the expected upcoming space launch.


Quote:U.S. Spy Planes Scour North Korea for Long-Range Missile Activity

October 14, 2019 10:54

An E-8C Joint STARS ground surveillance aircraft of the U.S. Air Force buzzed the Seoul metropolitan area on Friday to see if North Korea is preparing any intercontinental missile launches.

According to Aircraft Spots, a military aircraft tracker, the E-8C flew from an area south of Seoul to the East Sea. It seems to be one of the two E-8Cs the U.S. deployed at Kadena Air Base in Okinawa, Japan on Oct. 5.

Last Tuesday, another U.S. spy plane, an RC-135S Cobra Ball, flew from Kadena Air Base across the country's inland for the same purpose.

The forays came after North Korea warned it could resume nuclear and intercontinental ballistic missile tests after working-level denuclearization talks with the U.S. collapsed early last week.

[Image: c484465e4edc1fd6cd537499d4f6388a2c79d9b5.jpg]
https://archive.is/GmyRn/c484465e4edc1fd...79d9b5.jpg ; https://archive.is/GmyRn/8a5fe24dcb536be...2b/scr.png ; http://web.archive.org/web/2019101421515...294082.jpg ; http://web.archive.org/web/2019101421551...8&section2= ; http://archive.fo/nI8sw
3. An E-8C Joint STARS ground surveillance aircraft of the U.S. Air Force buzzed the Seoul metropolitan area on Friday to detect signs of North Korean preparation for a space launch.


http://english.chosun.com/site/data/html...00913.html



______________________________________



Official: North Korea's upcoming end to its self-declared moratorium on space launch.

Quote:Supreme Leader Kim Jong Un Ascends Mt Paektu on Horseback

Oct. 16, Juche 108 (2019)  Wednesday

Kim Jong Un, chairman of the Workers' Party of Korea, chairman of the State Affairs Commission of the DPRK and supreme commander of the armed forces of the DPRK, climbed up Mt Paektu, riding a white horse through the first snow of Mt Paektu.

He was accompanied by senior officials of the WPK Central Committee.

His march on horseback in Mt Paektu is a great event of weighty importance in the history of the Korean revolution.

He, sitting on horseback atop Mt Paektu, recollected with deep emotion the road of arduous struggle he has covered for the great cause of building the most powerful country with faith and will as firm as Mt Paektu and days of fast-paced changes as well, and took a bird's-eye view of the rolling mountains as if he viewed the high steep mountains ahead of the revolution he would have to go over again in high spirits.

His eyes were glittering with acumen of an illustrious commander who clearly sees the road of advance of a socialist power that is achieving prosperity with its own efforts while braving all headwinds by dint of the storm of Paektu.

Witnessing the great moments of his thinking on Mt Paektu, all the accompanying officials were overwhelmed by emotion and joy with the conviction that there would be an exciting operation to take the world by surprise again and bring the Korean revolution a step forward.


Political News Team

Reference

rodong.rep.kp/en/index.php?strPageID=SF01_02_02&newsID=2019-10-16-0002_photo
rodong.rep.kp/en/index.php?strPageID=SF01_02_01&newsID=2019-10-16-0002

http://www.dprktoday.com/index.php?type=81&no=1405&l=k
http://www.dprktoday.com/index.php?type=...40&l=k#pos
http://www.dprktoday.com/index.php?type=...47&l=k#pos

http://www.pyongyangtimes.com.kp/?bbs=31769

[Image: 3c87b974589f7c8763cc2199db7786faa4f51882.jpg]
https://archive.is/BNPbk/3c87b974589f7c8...f51882.jpg ; http://www.pyongyangtimes.com.kp/images/...42/3-6.jpg ; http://www.pyongyangtimes.com.kp/?bbs=31769
4. Supreme Leader Kim Jong Un Ascends Mt Paektu on Horseback

[Image: 711fadf31817e4007dcf8ed0ee96c9a45e3505c6.jpg]
https://archive.fo/4gpyp/711fadf31817e40...3505c6.jpg ; http://www.pyongyangtimes.com.kp/images/...42/3-7.jpg ; http://www.pyongyangtimes.com.kp/?bbs=31769
5. Supreme Leader Kim Jong Un Ascends Mt Paektu on Horseback

[Image: 53b601a8f4d4ca7bc668dc62c22b9785a0ec88c5.jpg]
https://archive.fo/nMfHe/53b601a8f4d4ca7...ec88c5.jpg ; http://www.pyongyangtimes.com.kp/images/...42/3-8.jpg ; http://www.pyongyangtimes.com.kp/?bbs=31769
6. Supreme Leader Kim Jong Un Ascends Mt Paektu on Horseback


[plain]youtube.com/watch?v=WpNPqcglc8I[/plain] ; [plain]youtube.com/watch?v=_nAtizIc_io[/plain] ; 北朝鮮 「金正恩同志、白頭山頂に登られた (김정은동지께서 백두산정에 오르시였다)」KCTV 2019/10/16 日本語字幕付き ; [혁명활동소식] 경애하는 최고령도자 김정은동지께서 백두산정에 오르시였다
7. Video: 北朝鮮 「金正恩同志、白頭山頂に登られた (김정은동지께서 백두산정에 오르시였다)」KCTV 2019/10/16 日本語字幕付き. Posted Oct 16, 2019

[Image: 7aa15efaaf977cad69726f73e1f535d71939dfab.gif]
[Image: abc8babc1dbe236793110a2626f23c393bc691d7.gif][Image: abc8babc1dbe236793110a2626f23c393bc691d7.gif]
[Image: b3d0b1cbab4c065adadc7ed4cdfaec1a5a423f9a.gif][Image: db9da8f584dd1b6ec03e2c4717d02b2333c60143.gif]

Confirmed by western decryption:

Quote:North Korean leader visits sacred mountain as speculation grows

Oct 16, 2019

North Korean leader Kim Jong Un has made yet another improbable trek to the top of 2,744-meter-high (9,003-feet-high) Mount Paektu, which the country calls “the sacred mountain of the revolution” — and this time, he did it atop a white steed.

But behind the grandiose pictures may lie a more important message — Kim was said to be preparing for “a great operation to strike the world with wonder again,” according to state media.

Pictures released by the North’s official Korean Central News Agency on Wednesday showed Kim riding a galloping horse through snow-covered roads and forests, making his way to the top of the mountain.

“He, sitting on the horseback atop Mt Paektu, recollected with deep emotion the road of arduous struggle he covered for the great cause of building the most powerful country,” the KCNA dispatch said.

“The eyes of Kim Jong Un standing up atop grandiose Mt Paektu were full of noble glitters of the illustrious commander who clearly indicates the road of advance of a powerful socialist country that is achieving prosperity with its own efforts … in the face of all headwinds,” it went on.

“Having witnessed the great moments of his thinking atop Mt Paektu, all the officials accompanying him were convinced with overflowing emotion and joy that there will be a great operation to strike the world with wonder again and make a step forward in the Korean revolution.”

It was unclear what KCNA was referring to when it noted the “great operation,” but Kim’s visits to the mountain have typically surrounded key events and major leadership decisions, according to analysts.

His previous trip to the mountain was in September last year, when he visited it with South Korean President Moon Jae In in a move meant to highlight improving inter-Korean ties.

Before that, Kim last made the trek to the mountain’s summit in December 2017, after the late-November launch of the North’s most powerful missile to date, the Hwasong-15 intercontinental ballistic missile (ICBM), which is believed capable of carrying a nuclear weapon to most, if not all, of the contiguous United States.

Kim has also visited the mountain around other major developments in the North, including before he executed his powerful uncle, Jang Song-thaek, in late 2013, and following his country’s fifth nuclear test in 2016.

Pyongyang warned last week after working-level talks with Washington broke off that it would not hold any more “sickening negotiations” until the U.S. takes a “substantial step” toward a “complete and irreversible withdrawal” of its “hostile policy.” After the talks collapsed, the North’s top negotiator also warned of “terrible events” unless the United States comes to the negotiating table well prepared.

Vipin Narang, a North Korea expert and professor of international relations at MIT, said this could hint that North Korea may be looking to turn up the heat on U.S. President Donald Trump.

“Don’t get me wrong I was hoping for a shirtless Kim Jong Un in the snow as much as the next person … but I think he’s giving us a space launch instead,” Narang wrote on Twitter.

Asked about why Kim might choose a space launch instead of another missile — he has launched a spate this year, including a submarine-launched ballistic missile (SLBM) — Narang said such a move could be the next screw to turn as the North Korean leader seeks to squeeze more concessions out of the U.S. side ahead of his self-imposed end-of-the-year deadline for progress in the talks.

Narang told The Japan Times that an ICBM launch or nuclear test were “too aggressive, too soon,” but that a rocket launch, likely under the veneer of putting a satellite in space, would be a possible option for Kim.

“After [the SLBM] test, a space launch is [the] next rung up on the ladder — [to] see how far he can go, quite literally, before Trump even notices,” Narang said in an email.

KCNA said Kim also visited nearby construction sites in Samjiyon County and blasted U.S.-led U.N. sanctions imposed on his country over its nuclear and missile programs.

“The situation of the country is difficult owing to the ceaseless sanctions and pressure by the hostile forces and there are many hardships and trials facing us,” Kim was quoted as saying. “But our people grew stronger through the trials and found their own way of development and learned how to always win in the face of trials.”

Kim also said “the pain the U.S.-led anti-(North Korea) hostile forces inflicted upon the Korean people … turned into their anger,” according to KCNA. “No matter what persistent efforts the enemy make, we can live well with our own efforts and pave the avenue to development and prosperity in our own way.”

North Korea has been slapped with a total of 11 rounds of sanctions since 2006. The sanctions have been toughened since 2016 when Kim began conducting a series of high-profile nuclear and missile tests, and they include a full ban on key exports such as coal, textiles and seafood and a significant curtailing of oil imports.

Mintaro Oba, a former U.S. State Department official who worked on North Korean issues, said it was too early to say what exactly the statements by Kim meant, but acknowledged that they were almost surely carefully crafted.

“North Korea has never been careless about the signals, they know the outside world is watching closely, and they’re not just throwing random bluster out there,” Oba said. “They probably don’t mind the tactical ambiguity, either, of teasing at the possibility that something tension-raising might happen while diplomatic efforts continue.”


http://web.archive.org/web/2019101622120...89a1164864
http://web.archive.org/web/2019101622122...89a1164864
http://archive.fo/ioHm2

[Image: 4.gif]
[Image: North_Korea.gif][Image: Iran.gif][Image: North_Korea.gif][Image: Iran.gif]

[Image: 6e323515d66ee30841cae4a9a7318d3b72b3e685.gif]
[Image: ae4ffdaeb02c2ea160fb33e41686a846f36755ca.gif]
[Image: 55abcc242354c9c1c73538db5d8c7b984de5ca52.gif]
只要伊朗伊斯兰共和国革命军卫队挖到两千五百米特深,就肯定能对付敌方的入侵威胁,
将把地下军事设施挖到四千米超深,伊朗伊斯兰共和国一定能取得胜利!
  ——伊朗伊斯兰共和国总统马哈茂德·艾哈迈迪内贾德


#2
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3. Disclosure Of The Unha-X's Proof Of Concept


After a week-end of endless waiting, as expected, hinted by the previous days Kim Jong Un's Climb on Mt Paektu, finally the first ever proof of concept has been revealed officially by North Korea. In the latest 18th October 2019 youtube video, a space launcher is illustrated with a first stage showing 4 rocket engines. By symmetry the total can therefore be numbered to 8 main engines.

The flame in the central part is longer and of larger diameter than the lateral ones, indicating a clusters of engines or less likelly, more powerful ones.

[Image: 97391dd9a7ba8252b2d00e359add5c1acc2c6104.jpg]


https://archive.fo/eoqB7/97391dd9a7ba825...2c6104.jpg ; https://archive.fo/eoqB7/491dfd5dda6b679...2a/scr.png ; [plain]http://web.archive.org/web/2019102020154...5ts4RT.jpg[/plain] ;
"5점", [소개편집물] 최우등생들은 말한다 평천구역 부흥초급중학교 [Introduction edit] Top class students Pyongchon District Elementary and Middle School [介绍编辑]一流的学生说平川地区复兴中小学, 조선중앙TV 1.46K subscribers , 109 views •Oct 18, 2019, [plain]youtu.be/Gzv19dSQYS0?t=56[/plain] ; T=56s / 9m44s

1. The Unha-X launcher as hinted in a 18th October 2019 video.

Although the rocket does not show any strap-on booster, but a clusters of rocket tanks similar to the Saturn-IB, the real design should resemble that of the Chinese CZ-2F.

But the reference to the Saturn-IB means that it is powered by eight main engines, and that it is supporting the manned space program.

Quote:The S-IB stage was built by the Chrysler corporation at the Michoud Assembly Facility, New Orleans. It was powered by eight Rocketdyne H-1 rocket engines burning RP-1 fuel with liquid oxygen (LOX). Eight Redstone tanks (four holding fuel and four holding LOX) were clustered around a Jupiter rocket LOX tank. The four outboard engines were mounted on gimbals, allowing them to be steered to control the rocket. Eight fins surrounding the base thrust structure provided aerodynamic stability and control.

[Image: 4dd200d9b248afa5f5aefb4871bfac2fe418feda.png]
https://archive.fo/1VFR8/4dd200d9b248afa...18feda.png ; https://archive.fo/1VFR8/f2eda974c86e157...26/scr.png ; [plain]http://web.archive.org/web/2019102021042...GZ8GE7.png[/plain]
2. Saturn-IB's eight main engines.


And the real Safir-3D design:

[Image: 5ef245dc8eb820893b268a4ab1b5e966b69bb9d0.jpg]
https://archive.fo/YtfGw/5ef245dc8eb8208...9bb9d0.jpg ; https://archive.fo/YtfGw/70e7d0952be3684...6d/scr.png ; http://web.archive.org/web/2019100620391...peqDJq.jpg
3. The Unha-X launcher with the dual/three seaters spacecraft.


4. Disclosure Of The Unha-9C's Proof Of Concept

As the ultimate evolution of the Unha-9 SLV family, the Unha-X will be preceded by lighter versions.

Instead of the addition of 4 strap-on boosters to the core stage, the Unha-9C will only feature 2 strap-on boosters.

[Image: 6f046328e8cea6dd302f91ccae58efff16274e09.jpg]
http://archive.ph/9vA62/6f046328e8cea6dd...274e09.jpg ; https://archive.ph/9vA62/e1501fe472f14ea...26/scr.png ;
http://ipic.su/img/img7/fs/multi_userPho...030006.jpg ; http://web.archive.org/web/2019031900420...image1.jpg ; http://web.archive.org/web/2019031900415...to&no=7288 ; http://archive.ph/yxtnG

4. Our Dream  우리의 꿈 . Published 18 March 2019.

Coincidence? I think not!

[Image: ad7e00c2-9639-4de6-bcef-b98380dbe05b.jpe...uto=format]
http://archive.ph/qNepl/02ca1ac49cf4d506...fb7fb.webp ; https://archive.ph/qNepl/6fc91f550c59f7e...e6/scr.png ; http://web.archive.org/web/2019122415571...uto=format ; http://web.archive.org/web/2019122416012...en-li.3828  ; http://archive.ph/WnNOv ; http://web.archive.org/web/2019122416022...nne-206984 ; http://archive.ph/8TJWP
5. North East Asian 2019 Christmas crystal ball.


Third occurrence of a depiction of a launcher with two strap-on rocket boosters. Seen in the performance of schoolchildren "Snow Falls with Blessing by Mt Paektu on New Year's Day" for Juche 109 (2020) that was given at the Mangyongdae Schoolchildren's Palace:

[Image: bf276af4075a893f1bfc1d6cca49baefc2bd2bd7.jpg]
http://archive.is/G56CH/bf276af4075a893f...bd2bd7.jpg ; https://archive.is/G56CH/827e4fec08826ce...14/scr.png ; [plain]http://web.archive.org/web/2020010302545...9qSP8n.jpg[/plain] ; http://web.archive.org/web/20200102014311/https://dprktoday.com/view/42/17477/0/0/0/k ; http://archive.ph/cHDrX ; https://live.staticflickr.com/65535/49313486836_5a5cf8c6b7_c.jpg ; [plain]https://www.flickr.com/photos/dprktoday/49313486836/[/plain] ; https://live.staticflickr.com/65535/49313693962_434dd6d9cc_c.jpg ; [plain]https://www.flickr.com/photos/dprktoday/49313693962/[/plain]
6. Third occurrence of a depiction of a launcher with two strap-on rocket boosters. Seen in the performance of schoolchildren "Snow Falls with Blessing by Mt Paektu on New Year's Day" for Juche 109 (2020) that was given at the Mangyongdae Schoolchildren's Palace on Wednesday.

Fourth known release of a photo from a wall painting found in the Pyongyang Sci-Tech Complex, in the section dedicated to spaceflight, and representing a rocket with two strap-on rocket boosters. With three children, indicating enough room for 3 future astronauts, on 11th January 2020:

[Image: 888fd10edf54db0d9cd467e4145fd545760d7a85.jpg]
http://archive.is/OILrJ/888fd10edf54db0d...0d7a85.jpg ; https://archive.is/OILrJ/f6e63fc3f2e889b...68/scr.png ; http://web.archive.org/web/2020011214074...4jvBug.jpg ; https://vk.com/photo469579262_457337260?rev=1 ; https://vk.com/wall469579262_11562
7. Picture of a rocket with two strap-on rocket boosters, Pyongyang Sci-Tech Complex. 11th January 2020. Uriminzokkiri Uri.


[Image: 14b4aebdf050cdf44c7e1ebb782fe9a31a802dd7.jpg]
http://archive.is/KNGwF/14b4aebdf050cdf4...802dd7.jpg ; https://archive.is/KNGwF/26d89a6604195bb...7a/scr.png ; [plain]http://web.archive.org/web/2020012119281...e4tiR7.jpg[/plain]
8. Artistic representation of the North Korean space launchers, as of January 2020.

4. The 23rd October 2019 Advanced Launch Notice

Next space launch

In a modus operandi that now seems familiar to the GEOINT/OSINT analysts, the official North Korean KCNA and Uriminzokkiri websites have published on Wednesday 23rd October 2019, more than fourteen years later, nearly the same list of historical claimed milestones, and first posted on 30th May 2005.
 
And that previous occurrence was just one year before the 5th July 2006 maiden flight, at 05:01 AM Pyongyang Time, of the new Unha-1 satellite carrier, known as Simorgh in Persian or Safir-2.

Therefore it is highly expected that in the coming future, NADA will test its newest satellite carrier, known as the Unha-9. The second stage having already been tested under the guise of the Hwasong-15 ICBM in December 2017.

Launch date (Pyongyang) | Payload | Launch vehicle
31 AUG 1998 | Kwangmyongsong-1   | Paektusan-1
05 JUL 2006 | Kwangmyongsong-2-1 | Unha-1
05 APR 2009 | Kwangmyongsong-2-2 | Unha-2
13 APR 2012 | Kwangmyongsong-3-1 | Unha-3
12 DEC 2012 | Kwangmyongsong-3-2 | Unha-3
07 FEB 2016 | Kwangmyongsong-4   | KWANGMYONGSONG (Unha-4)
XX FEB 2020 | Kwangmyongsong-5   | Unha-9  

[Image: 9d4776bce3315c761a29bdc897e945871e3af058.jpg]
https://archive.fo/CdpFb/9d4776bce3315c7...3af058.jpg ; https://archive.fo/CdpFb/78b07febfc759a8...6d/scr.png ; [plain]http://web.archive.org/web/2019102322473...pOMGnZ.jpg[/plain]
9. CGI illustration of an Unha-9 SLV at Sohae SLC LC-1.


The first KCNA version published on 30th May 2005:

Quote:World's First Rocket Made in Korea

 Pyongyang, May 30 (KCNA) -- "Rocket" weapons were made and used by Korea already in the period of Koguryo (B.C. 277-A.D. 668). The first "rocket" was very simple but its principle is similar with that of modern one.
 
A jet-propelled weapon called Kwanghwi demonstrated its might in a battle near the castle in Mt. Pukhan in 661.

   People of Koryo (918-1392) made a "rocket" called Hwajon.

   Hwajon was 726 millimeters long and its arrowhead 90 millimeters long. The arrow was shot by lighting the cartridge.

   According to a historical record, Koryo manufactured lots of Hwajon around 1127 and deployed them in vantage points for national defence.

   On the basis of arrows with fire wicks made in the period of the three kingdoms, Koreans developed Singijon, the origin of multistage rocket, in the early 15th century.

   There were three kinds of Singijon according to their sizes, types and powder-cartridges.

   The small one was a two-stage rocket. The medium one with one more small cartridge than the small one was a three-stage rocket, while the large one with four cartridges and wings was a four-stage rocket.

   Having a great firing power, they could strike far-off targets on land and big warships. The weapons were widely used during the Imjin Patriotic War (1592) against the Japanese invaders and other battles against invaders. They were also used as signal means.

   They are precious historical relics showing the intelligence and patriotism of the Korean nation.

http://web.archive.org/web/2014101207125...s05/31.htm

The KCNA repost of 23rd October 2019:

Quote:Singijon, Origin of Multi-stage Rocket

Pyongyang, October 23 (KCNA) -- The Korean people made a jet-propelled weapon for the first time in the world.

Kwanghwi, which had the same operating principle with rocket, came into being in the period of Koguryo (B.C. 277-A.D. 668), and Singijon, the origin of multi-stage rocket, appeared in the early 15th century.

Singijon was classified into small, medium and large one according to its size, type and structure of reaction powder-flask.

The small-sized Singijon was a kind of two-stage rocket as it could fly far to a distance by the force of gas emitted from two powder-flasks installed in the tail of an arrow.

The other two weapons equipped with more powder-flasks could fly like three-stage and four-stage rockets.

In the mid-15th century, dimensions of Singijon were standardized on a nationwide scale.

This weaponry was used in the battles of Kyongju and Haengjusan castles during the Imjin Patriotic War (1592-1598). -0-

[Image: 41357dd1b54b90e76e8efd12fa1c26bc9b98b185.gif]
https://archive.fo/m2OnI/41357dd1b54b90e...98b185.gif ; https://archive.fo/m2OnI/700073e33768f86...8c/scr.png ; http://web.archive.org/web/2019102322005...ngizon.gif ; http://pyongyang.news-site.net/new02/new...gijon.html
10. Singijon, Origin of Multi-stage Rocket

http://web.archive.org/web/2019102321263...no=1181495
http://archive.fo/7Gcmq

A recap of the most important claimed milestones:

• "Rocket" weapons were used by Korea already in the period of Koguryo (B.C. 277-A.D. 668).
• Jet-propelled weapon called Kwanghwi used in the battle near the castle in Mt. Pukhan in 661.
• People of Koryo (918-1392) made a "rocket" called Hwajon.
• Koreans developed Singijon, the origin of multistage rocket, in the early 15th century.
• Koreans developed winged rockets, as the largest type of multistage rocket and made of four-stages.
• Koreans also developed Anti-Ship versions during the Imjin Patriotic War (1592).
• All these, centuries before the Europeans.


______________________________________

Confirmed, the inter-Korean détente of 2018-2019 has officially ended. With the impeachment of Trump, a convenient asset, no economical sanctions relief can be expected as no disarmament treaty can longer be signed.

Quote:
KCNA Commentary on Military Provocation of South Korea

Pyongyang, October 26 (KCNA) -- The military of south Korea has gone beyond the red line in its reckless act of belligerency.

The commander of the missile command of the south Korean army announced at the "National Assembly" that it would conduct a ballistic missile firing drill again this year and regularly stage Hyonmu-series ballistic missile firing drill every year.

This is just an open declaration of war to open fire at the compatriots in the north and an intentional provocation to throw the Korean peninsula into lingering tensions.

As known, Hyonmu-series ballistic missile was developed to target the DPRK and its capacity for preemptive attack has been drastically increased for decades since its introduction.

The military of south Korea has constantly threatened the DPRK, screwing up tensions by ceaselessly conducting ballistic missile launching drills behind the curtains of dialogue and peace.

Billing it as a "missile with a longer range and stronger power than the north's", the military of south Korea has conducted its firing drill more than ten times this year.

Not content with this, it has gone the lengths of openly calling for staging such drill on a regular and annual basis.

Such military provocation will doubtless escalate tensions in the Korean peninsula.

The situation clearly proves who wrecks peace and stability on the Korean peninsula and adds fuel to its tensions.

The hard-won phase of peace on the Korean peninsula is facing difficulties and the north-south relations plunged into deadlock. This is because the south Korean authorities are still seeking their way out in escalating the danger of war, failing to drop their confrontational posture.

It is just the south Korean warlike forces who talked about "reconciliation" in public and staged a north-targeted war games with foreign forces afterwards, touting "unchanged pressure offensive against the north," and lavished a fabulous amount of money on introduction of modern military hardware despite the public opposition inside and outside.

The south Korean regime has gone so shameless as to term the entirely just measure of the DPRK for self-defense "provocation" though it has been crazy about war drumbeats for confrontation with the latter.

Anachronistic confrontational military racket will add fuel to escalating tensions and the south Korean bellicose forces will never be able to endure its consequences.

The military of south Korea should drop its foolish dream for bringing the north-south relations back to the past when the relations were distressed with extreme confrontation and danger of war. -0-

What comes next is a return to the previous north-south confrontation era. With possibly a major space launch within weeks.


Indeed, the first Hwasong-15 ICBM test of 29th November 2017 was preceded by an article titled "Singijon, Origin of Multi-stage Rocket" posted on 2nd September 2017.


This year, a similar text sharing the same title but with a modified content has been posted on 23rd October 2019 by KCNA. If this constitutes an advanced launch notice, then a space launch should be expected before three months, that is by the beginning of February 2020.

"Singijon, Origin of Multi-stage Rocket" posted on 2nd September 2017 by DPRKToday.com:

Quote:주체106(2017)년 9월 2일

다계단로케트의 시원-신기전

위대한 령도자 김정일동지께서는 다음과 같이 교시하시였다.

《우리 선조들은 군사기술분야에서 세계에 자랑할만 한 일을 적지 않게 해놓았습니다.》

신기전은 15세기 전반기에 우리 선조들이 새로 창안하여 실전에 도입한 소이무기(불지르기수단)이다.

신기전은 신묘한 불화살이란 뜻이다.

이전 시기 불화살들의 발전성과에 기초하여 조선봉건왕조시기에 만든 신기전은 다른 사격무기에 의해 발사되는것이 아니라 2개이상의 반작용화약통을 리용하여 자체로 비행하면서 목표까지 날아갔다.

신기전은 전투장에서 목표를 불사르는 무기로 쓰이였을뿐아니라 하늘높이 날아오르면서 불신호, 연기신호, 소리신호수단으로도 리용되였다.

크기와 형태 및 반작용화약통의 구조에 따라 소신기전, 중신기전, 대신기전으로 나눈다.

신기전은 2개이상의 반작용화약통을 가지고있는것으로 하여 이전 시기의 불화살들보다 사거리와 방화력, 살상력이 높았다.

조선봉건왕조실록에는 도절제사 리징옥이 녀진의 침입에 대처하여 급보를 올리면서 신기전은 적을 막는데서 가장 긴요한 무기이므로 이 화살을 만드는데 필요한 종이를 꼭 보내줄것을 요청한 사실이 기록되여있는데 이것은 신기전이 매우 위력한 무기라는것을 잘 말해주고있다.

세계적으로 신기전과 같은 불화살에 대한 력사기록은 17세기에야 보이고있으며 따라서 우리 선조들이 만든 신기전은 다계단로케트의 시원으로 알려지고있다.

신기전은 신기전기라고 하는 발사대를 리용하여 발사하였다.

신기전기에는 100발의 중신기전을 재웠다가 불심지로 련결하여 련발로 혹은 단번에 발사하였는데 그 위력이 대단히 컸다.

신기전기를 보통 화차(신기전기나 총통기를 싣고다니는 전투용수레)에 싣고 움직였는데 화차는 기동성있게 발사진지를 옮기기도 하고 방위각과 발사각을 신속히 조절하여 신기전의 집중적인 일제사격, 련발사격을 보장하였다.

신기전의 위력은 15세기 중엽 녀진의 침입을 물리치는 전투들과 임진조국전쟁시기 왜적이 강점한 경주성을 되찾는 전투, 행주산성을 방어하는 전투를 비롯한 여러 전투들에서 남김없이 과시되였다.

특히 행주산성전투에서는 적과의 력량대비가 10분의 1밖에 안되였지만 성방위자들의 투쟁과 신기전을 비롯한 화약무기의 위력으로 큰 승리를 거두었다.

이처럼 신기전과 같은 위력한 무기들을 창안하여 외적의 침입으로부터 조국강토를 수호하기 위한 싸움에 리용한것은 우리 민족의 큰 자랑으로 된다.

본사기자


http://web.archive.org/web/2019102623161...2&no=23179
http://archive.is/mEdPu


According to diplomatic past practice, prenotice for any space launch are always given by the DPRK government to both the Chinese, Russian and U.S. autorities, and several months in advance.

As an example, the 13th April 2012 launch of the Kwangmyongsong-3 satellite with the Unha-3 rocket was preannounced to the U.S. four months in advance, on 15th December 2011:

Quote: DPRK 'told U.S. about plan on Dec. 15'    

Kyoko Yamaguchi / Yomiuri Shimbun Correspondent (Mar. 26, 2012)

WASHINGTON--A senior North Korean government official informed the United States before the death of Kim Jong Il was announced in December of its plan to launch a satellite, according to a former senior U.S. government official.

In an article for a U.S. research institute, Evans Revere, who served as acting assistant secretary of state under the administration of President George W. Bush, wrote that the decision to carry out the launch is highly likely to have been made by the late North Korean leader.

Revere therefore hinted that the launch would be unavoidable, as "his son and successor was in no position to reverse that decision."

Revere met with the North Korean official on Dec. 15 and was told about the planned launch of what some people believed to be a missile.

The meeting is believed to have taken place in New York.

http://web.archive.org/web/2012032617225...002891.htm

The suspension of the Morabong tour in November 2019 is another example:

Quote:North Korean girl band's China concert tour suspended

17:34 November 27, 2019

BEIJING, Nov. 27 (Yonhap) -- A planned concert tour in China by North Korea's best-known girl band has been suspended for unclear reasons, sources said Wednesday.

Moranbong Band was originally set to kick off the tour in Beijing next week and head to other Chinese cities, including Shanghai, Shenzhen and Changsha, as part of events to celebrate the 70th anniversary of the establishment of diplomatic ties between the two countries.

Their visit has been temporarily suspended, a person related to the concert said.

"As far as I know, political considerations played a role. It is hard for the concert to take place early next month," the person said.

Another source said that an advance team or related equipment should have already arrived in China if the concert was going to take place as planned, but no such signs have been detected. The concert venue was also not reserved for the performance.

The group was last slated to perform in China in 2015, when its planned concert was called off at the last minute after China took issue with its performance featuring the North's nuclear and missile development.

The band is led by North Korean leader Kim Jong-un's close aide, Hyun Song-wol.

http://web.archive.org/web/2019112900245...7007800325
http://archive.ph/xMDM1


Also affecting sports event, with the North Korean women team's withdrawal from the 2020 Tokyo Olympics football qualifying tournament:

Quote:North Korea to skip women's Olympic football qualifying tournament in South Korea: source

17:52 December 25, 2019

SEOUL, Dec. 25 (Yonhap) -- North Korea will not compete in an Olympic women's football qualifying tournament scheduled for next February in South Korea, a source told Yonhap News Agency on Wednesday.

According to the source, North Korea recently informed the Asian Football Confederation (AFC) that they will not enter the third round of the Asian qualifying for the 2020 Tokyo Olympics. That competition will run from Feb. 3-9, 2020, on the South Korean island of Jeju.

"North Korea didn't give reasons for their withdrawal, and the Korea Football Association (in Seoul) will make an announcement soon," the source added. "North Korea will not be replaced in the tournament."

North Korea would have faced South Korea in Group A, which also includes Vietnam and Myanmar. Four other teams in the third round -- Australia, China, Thailand and Chinese Taipei -- were drawn into Group B and will play their matches in Wuhan, China, from Feb. 3-9.

From the third round, the top two teams from each group will advance to the final playoff round. In home-and-home series to take place on March 6 and 11, the Group A winner will face the Group B runner-up, while the Group B winner will play the Group A runner-up.

Without world No. 11 North Korea, the 20th-ranked South Korea will be favored to win Group A over Vietnam (No. 32) and Myanmar (No. 44). South Korea have had just one victory against North Korea in 19 meetings, with three draws and 15 losses. But South Korea have won all 10 meetings against Vietnam and all five matches against Myanmar.

North Korea also declined to participate in the women's tournament East Asian Football Federation (EAFF) E-1 Football Championship earlier this month in Busan, 450 kilometers southeast of Seoul. North Korea had won the three previous EAFF titles but pulled out months before the opening kickoff.

http://web.archive.org/web/2019122517174...tion=nk/nk
http://archive.is/5obWf


Same pattern seen from the U.S.:

Quote:U.S. aviation agency warns commercial airlines about possible North Korean missile launch

10:29 December 24, 2019

SEOUL, Dec. 24 (Yonhap) -- U.S. aviation authorities issued a warning for commercial airlines earlier this month about the possibility of North Korea launching a long-range missile in the coming weeks, a news report has said.

The U.S. Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) issued the alert warning of longer-range missile test launches prior to the end of 2019, or in the early part of 2020, U.S. broadcaster ABC News said Monday (local time), citing a threat analysis it obtained from the FAA.

http://web.archive.org/web/2019122415553...tion=nk/nk
http://archive.ph/JqEOc


5. The 7th December 2019 Static Test of The Paektusan-1D Engine

Interesting hint at the the four engines Moksong-3 (Jupiter-3) ICBM for the next space launch, as posted following the Hwasong-15 ICBM test launch of 29th November 2017:

Quote:Hwasong-15 Powered By Dual Engines

2017-12-01

If North Korea produces a four-engines rocket like the Russian SS-19 Stiletto (RS-18) intercontinental ballistic missile, it will have the world's most powerful strategic ballistic missile. This monster-intercontinental ballistic missile can be equipped with more than 10 Multiple Independent Reentry Vehicle (MIRV) warheads with separate guidance and targeting systems.

[Image: aa71712dfd3e8bd134d7413b677b601a2fffc891.jpg]
https://archive.md/8JmFV/aa71712dfd3e8bd...ffc891.jpg ; https://archive.md/8JmFV/989920aa98ea4bf...13/scr.png ; http://web.archive.org/web/2019102623580...284527.jpg ; http://m.jajusibo.com/a.html?uid=36919
11. Next North Korean space launch: the Moksong-3 four engines rocket, similar to the Russian SS-19 Stiletto (RS-18) intercontinental ballistic missile.

http://m.jajusibo.com/a.html?uid=36919

Note that some of the retired Russian SS-19 launchers have since been converted into satellite-launch vehicles. There are two SLV versions, the ‘Rokot’ and the ‘Strela.’8 The ‘Rokot’ adds a third liquid stage to the SS-19 frame in order to send payloads weighing up to 1,850 kg into low Earth.


Quote:Statement of Spokesman for Academy of National Defence Science Issued

Pyongyang, December 8 (KCNA) -- A very important test took place at the Sohae Satellite Launching Ground on the afternoon of December 7, 2019.

The Academy of the National Defence Science of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea made a report on the results of the successful test of great significance to the Central Committee of the Workers' Party of Korea.

The results of the recent important test will have an important effect on changing the strategic position of the DPRK once again in the near future.

http://web.archive.org/web/2019121513403...&pagenum=1
http://archive.ph/bqWud

This can only be interpreted as a never tested before new engine. Meaning the Paektusan-1D engine that delivers a 80-tf thrust for the incoming Unha-9 first stage, a fully-gimballed variant of the Paektusan engine series and with a single turbopump and a single-combustor.

A brief unofficial recap:

Paektusan engines family

• The Paektusan-1A engines has a single-turbopump and a single-combustor. It is static. 80-tf.

• The Paektusan-1B engines has a single-turbopump and a single static combustor plus 4 swivelling verniers. 100-tf, powering the Hwasong-12 and Hwasong-14.

• The Paektusan-1C engine has a single-turbopump with two gimballed nozzles. 80-tf, powering the Hwasong-15.

• The Paektusan-1D engine fully-gimballed with a single turbopump and a single-combustor. 80-tf, powering the Unha-9/Moksong-3/Safir-3A/Sepehr.

• The Paektusan-2 engine with a thrust of 150-tf to 200-tf. Powering the Unha-20.


______________________________________


Previous assessment confirmed by military sources:


Quote:U.S. sends another surveillance plane over South Korea

December 10, 2019

Though Pyongyang did not elaborate on details, military sources and experts believe that it tested a new high-thrust engine using liquid fuel with a goal to launch bigger, more powerful rockets for satellites or intercontinental ballistic missiles (ICBMs).

https://en.yna.co.kr/view/AEN20191210002...al/defense

6. The Inter-Korean Space Race

And indeed, never forget that the two Koreas are currently engaged in the world's number one space race, and of the scale only comparable to the U.S.S.R. Vs U.S.A. one!

Unha-9 Vs KSLV-II Nuri

A first launch for the new Unha-9 seems imminent, following South Korea's KARI first test launch of its pilot launcher, a south Korean equivalent of the Hwasong-12/14, the two stages KSLV-II TLV with a diameter of 2.6 meters and total length of 26 meters, and powered by a single-chamber 75 ton-force engine on 28th November 2018.
The next south Korean launcher, the KSLV-2-Nuri to be launched no earlier than January 2021 will be powered by four 75 ton-force engines, developping a liftoff thrust of 300 ton-force similar to the Unha-9, itself powered by four 80 ton-force Paektusan-1D engines.

[Image: 5e97ab96a1063bf1c0b45947e8e1d67f56f45ec9.jpg]
http://archive.is/Txu7u/5e97ab96a1063bf1...f45ec9.jpg ; https://archive.is/Txu7u/d52f39fcb96ce86...b0/scr.png ; [plain]http://web.archive.org/web/2019121004361...UebilW.jpg[/plain]
12. Unha-9 Vs KSLV-II Nuri SLVs.

[Image: e85941391cc237d76b9ac3b1349ea105a98829e8.jpg]
http://archive.ph/x23hO/e85941391cc237d7...8829e8.jpg ; https://archive.ph/x23hO/1122ff81a304188...1a/scr.png ; [plain]http://web.archive.org/web/2019121004521...AAzYtb.jpg[/plain]
13. Specification of KSLV-II Nuri SLV

All seems going smoothly as scheduled, and God speed for February 2020!

7. Previous Disclosure Of The Payload

First payload for the Unha-9 SLV, as revealed just a week before the first launch of the Hwasong-15 ICBM on 29 November 2017, and before the self-declared moratorium on space launch of 2018: Earth remote sensing-satellite or communication satellite.

Quote:North Korean plans for two new satellite types revealed

DPRK space administration unveils desire to launch new satellites to Russian visitor

Khrustalev Vladimir December 8, 2017

I visited the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea (DPRK) for a one week period between the 13 and 20 November, during which I got a chance to do something truly amazing: to engage in discussions with representatives of the National Aerospace Development Administration (NADA) of the DPRK on November 19.

Unfortunately, I wasn’t able to immediately disclose information about these discussions after returning to Russia, but now I can officially tell readers about it.

Korean representatives of the organization – which is responsible for the development of prospective programs in the fields of space exploration and space vehicle development – such as head of the department Kim Jong O and head of section Kim Chol, took part in this meeting.

Kwangmyongsong satellites

Currently, NADA’s plan for 2017 is being completed. The main purpose of this plan is to develop two new satellites. The first is an Earth remote exploration-satellite which weighs “over 100kg” and has a scanning resolution of “several meters.”

Although this satellite belongs to the category of 100-1000 kg equipment, an interesting detail should be noted about it. It was stated that the weight of the Kwangmyongsong 3-2 satellite is 100 kg, while Kwangmyongsong 4 was stated to have a weight of “over 100 kg.”

The second satellite is much more interesting. This is a communication satellite which works on a geostationary Earth orbit and weighs over 1000 kg.

I asked twice, and I was given an affirmative answer: I was told that a geostationary orbit will be used, and that the satellite weight will comprise over 1000kg. As I understood things, this might mean that the satellite may weigh well over a ton, even as much as two or three tons.
...
I also asked them about different past announcements regarding sending spacecraft into orbit or even to the surface of the moon.

http://web.archive.org/web/2017120815322...-revealed/
http://archive.ph/JPqRc



Note that in 2012, the initial Five-Years development plan for space activities from 2012 to 2016 was to launch 6 more satellites: (source: tongilnews.com, 2012.12.31 )

• 2012-2016: Earth observation Kwangmyongsong-4
• 2012-2016: Earth observation Kwangmyongsong-5
• 2012-2016: Communication Kwangmyongsong-6
• 2012-2016: Communication Kwangmyongsong-7
• 2012-2016: Communication Kwangmyongsong-8
• 2012-2016: Lunar orbiter

The Second Space Development Five-Year Plan starting in 2017:  
• 2017-2021: Geostationary communication satellite
• 2017-2021: Manned spacecraft

http://web.archive.org/web/2019101219292...xno=101028
http://archive.ph/xS7EC


It seems that after the end of the moratorium, and the failure to launch one satellite per year, the space plan might have been modified, as stated in the above article.

8. Launch Campaign

First report of a three stages rocket being prepared. Note that the same source 'chosun.com' was the one that has correctly predicted 6 months in advance the 3rd October 2019 launch of the Pukguksong-3 SLBM. You read it here first. Original source here.

This is consistent with the upcoming Unha-9 launch campaign preparation. And this means it would take more than one month of preparation for this new launcher, as the older and now retired Kwamgmyongsong SLV (Unha-4) requires about a month. Meaning that a launch could be envisaged by the end of January 2020 at the earliest.

Quote:December 11, 2019 10:39

North Korea last Saturday conducted what appears to have been a liquid-fuel engine thrust test at [Sohae SLC] Tongchang-ri near the Chinese border.

There are signs that it has already moved a three-stage rocket from a missile factory in Sanum-dong in Pyongyang to an assembly facility at [Sohae SLC] Tongchang-ri.

Military authorities speculate that if [Sohae SLC] Tongchang-ri is chosen for the launch, it will be a rocket carrying a satellite rather than a straightforward intercontinental ballistic missile.

North Korea launched its Unha or Kwangmyongsong-class rockets from the 67 m-high fixed launch pad at [Sohae SLC] Tongchang-ri. But ICBMs have been launched from mobile launchers since 2017.

http://web.archive.org/web/2019121104504...01218.html
http://archive.ph/qsSth

In preparation for the Unha-9 SLV launch campaign, the U.S. military is even upgrading its surveillance tool too!

Quote:December 11, 2019

The United States again flew a surveillance aircraft over the Korean Peninsula, an aviation tracker said Wednesday, the latest in a series of flights to monitor North Korea amid growing concern Pyongyang may be preparing for a long-range rocket launch.

The RQ-4 Global Hawk was spotted over the Korean Peninsula at 52,000 feet, Aircraft Spots said on its Twitter account without specifying the exact time of the operation.

Global Hawk is a high-altitude long-endurance unmanned aerial vehicle capable of performing reconnaissance missions in the air for more than 30 hours at a time. It is considered one of the most advanced intelligence-gathering platforms in the world.

In recent weeks, the U.S. has deployed several types of surveillance planes over the peninsula, including its Navy's P-3C maritime surveillance plane, the RC-135U Combat Sent, the RC-135W Rivet Joint, the RC-135S Cobra Ball aircraft and the E-8C aircraft.

[Image: 617e55e41c4902b334f4a61bdfe51c524193670a.jpg]
http://archive.ph/hdpaF/617e55e41c4902b3...93670a.jpg ; https://archive.ph/hdpaF/a4a10b4271a339a...df/scr.png ; http://web.archive.org/web/2019121104553...100_P4.jpg
14. The RQ-4 Global Hawk was spotted over the Korean Peninsula at 52,000 feet.

http://web.archive.org/web/2019121104572...%2Fdefense
http://archive.ph/7dZVI

______________________________________


Confirmation by South Korean sources that it is indeed an engine related to the Hwasong-15 engine:

Quote:December 10, 2019 12:54

The engine is most likely intended for a modified version of the Hwasong-15 ICBM.

The South Korean military is keeping a close watch on North Korea to see whether it will launch an ICBM disguised as a space rocket as a shot across the bow of the U.S.

http://web.archive.org/web/2019121103184...01617.html
http://archive.is/fjrA3

A week later, a second test is announced, with a record 420 seconds engine burn time (compared to the 200 seconds during the 2016 burn test), thus definitely ruling out that a solid propellant engine was involved in the test, and as claimed by some western sources:

Quote:Spokesman for Academy of Defence Science of DPRK Issues Statement

Pyongyang, December 14 (KCNA) -- Another crucial test was successfully conducted at the Sohae Satellite Launching Ground from 22:41 to 22:48 on December 13, 2019.

Our defence scientists were greatly honored to receive warm congratulations from the Central Committee of the Workers' Party of Korea on the spot.

The research successes being registered by us in defence science one after another recently will be applied to further bolstering up the reliable strategic nuclear deterrent of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea. -0-

http://web.archive.org/web/2019121513084...t&no=25655
http://archive.ph/GFBqG

It is consistent with burns for insertion into a Geosynchronous Transfer Orbit. At any rate: this kind of burn durations are more in line with an engine for a launch into Earth orbit, where these kind of burn durations are normal, rather than a ballistic missile. Both launches into LEO & GEO involve (sometimes multiple) stage burns of 5-8 minutes.

Seven minutes burn time is nothing comparable to any previous liquid propellant engines tested in both Iran and the DPRK. It is for the Moon rocket Unha-9, that will place a 500 kg probe into a lunar orbit before 2025 as announced in 2016.

Therefore, no surprise if Iran also announces a lunar exploration program of its own sometime in the near future. That is after a successful North Korean launch of its new Paektusan-1D engine, possibly scheduled for end of January 2020!

Logical as the Safir-3A SLV is scheduled to place the IRANSAT-1 communications satellite of 1 tons in GEO by 2021.

As a by-product, with an announced 3 tons payload capacity into GEO by 2026 (IRANSAT-2 communication satellite), the Safir-3C will also be able to carry 6 tons into LEO for Iran's manned space program, such as its orbital Iranian 'Soyuz' manned spacecraft, also unlocking the future space station project.


Quote:Iran's Communication Satellite Developing Plan 2026 of the Iranian Space Research Center (I.S.R.C.) has revealed its future space launcher's payload capabilities:

• Nahid-1, 50 Kg, LEO, Safir-1 SLV
• Nahid-2, < 100 Kg, LEO, Safir-2 SLV
• IRANSAT-1, 1 ton, GEO, Safir-3A (Sepehr) SLV
• IRANSAT-2, 3 tons, GEO, Safir-3C (Sarir) SLV  

[Image: DVw4DqgXUAEOXQg.jpg]
http://web.archive.org/web/2019080110491...AEOXQg.jpg ; https://archive.fo/TVRNZ/e148f10050430ae...8610a6.jpg ; https://defence.pk/pdf/proxy.php?image=h...286338f0c9
15. Iran's roadmap for communication satellites. From official presentation of the Iranian Space Research Center.

______________________________________


Again no launch for this year (2019):

Quote:Chief of KPA General Staff Issues Statement

December 15, Juche108(2019)

Pak Jong Chon, chief of the General Staff of the Korean People's Army (KPA), released the following statement on Saturday:

I am very glad that the Academy of Defence Science has recently registered great successes in bolstering up the defence capabilities while successfully conducting tests of great significance one after another.

The priceless data, experience and new technologies gained in the recent tests of defense science research will be fully applied to the development of another strategic weapon of the DPRK for definitely and reliably restraining and overpowering the nuclear threat of the U.S.

Genuine peace can be safeguarded and our development and future be guaranteed only when the balance of power is completely ensured.

We have stored up tremendous power.

We should be ready to cope with political and military provocations of the hostile forces and be familiar with both dialogue and confrontation.

Our army is fully ready to thoroughly carry out any decision of the Supreme Leader with action.

It is free to evaluate the entity of our power, but it will be necessary to see it clearly before judgment.

In the situation of the acute confrontation, the U.S. and other hostile forces will spend the year-end in peace only when they hold off any words and deeds rattling us.

http://web.archive.org/web/2019121512592...t&no=25660
http://archive.ph/8Recv

But a launch for this year (2020):

Quote:North Korea says its moratorium on nuclear, missile testing is over

22:17 January 21, 2020

GENEVA, Jan. 21 (Yonhap) -- North Korea declared Tuesday on the global stage that it will no longer adhere to its moratorium on nuclear and missile tests, citing "brutal and inhumane" sanctions led by the United States on its regime.

http://web.archive.org/web/2020012120151...1009500315
http://archive.ph/jJFCY

[Image: 6e323515d66ee30841cae4a9a7318d3b72b3e685.gif]
[Image: ae4ffdaeb02c2ea160fb33e41686a846f36755ca.gif]
[Image: 55abcc242354c9c1c73538db5d8c7b984de5ca52.gif]
只要伊朗伊斯兰共和国革命军卫队挖到两千五百米特深,就肯定能对付敌方的入侵威胁,
将把地下军事设施挖到四千米超深,伊朗伊斯兰共和国一定能取得胜利!
  ——伊朗伊斯兰共和国总统马哈茂德·艾哈迈迪内贾德


  


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