by Persian Gulf at 11-18-2019, 03:41 PM
In breaking news jointly published by The Intercept and the NYT, "an anonymous source provided 700 pages of Iranian intelligence reports to The Intercept, saying they wanted to “let the world know what Iran is doing in my country Iraq."

Summaries of the leaks can be found here: https://theintercept.com/series/iran-cables/

It is broken down into 5 sections. I will try to read them and update this thread in due course.

"The archive is made up of hundreds of reports and cables written mainly in 2014 and 2015 by officers of Iran’s Ministry of Intelligence and Security, or MOIS, who were serving in the field in Iraq."
by Galactic Penguin SST at 11-08-2019, 07:16 AM
The German Third Reich's Nuclear Program

During the WWII period, many Persians, Palestinians and Iraqis are known to have supported the Axis forces.

To this day, many still misunderstand the real German military strengh, overhyped due to the Axis's propaganda effort during the war.

But instead of stopping and being debunked, this propaganda and disinformation campaign has even intensified after WWII, this time exploited by the new U.S. military junta puppet masters, to fool the Midddle Eastern folks.

Therefore, what was the real nuclear potential of the Axis?


This is Boris Evseyevich Chertok's commentary in his memoirs on the German's nuclear program:

Quote:In his book The Virus House, British researcher and journalist David Irving writes:

In June 1940, when battle had ceased in France and occupation reigned for four years, Germany’s positions in the nuclear race were very impressive and even frightening: Germany did not have large stores of heavy water, but to make up for this she seized the only heavy water factory in the world; she became the holder of thousands of tons of very pure uranium compounds and established control over an almost completed cyclotron; she had at her disposal cadres of physicists, chemists, and engineers not yet robbed of their vitality by all-out war; and her chemical industry was the most powerful in the world.”


If the Germans had managed to create an atomic bomb before the Americans and then put two or three bombs into two or three of the many hundreds of A-4 rockets launched at Britain, the world today might look completely different.

It is surprising that the primary reasons for the slow pace of work on the German atomic project were not technical. The lack of progress resulted instead from conflicts among high-level scientists and the regime’s arrogant and conde-scending attitude toward a discipline that lacked rocket science’s active promoters. From the first days of the war, the German economy was consumed by the imme-diate needs of one blitzkrieg after another.The Germans’ early military successes in Europe and the Soviet Union led the Germans to believe in the complete superi-ority of their military technology. And if that was the case, then why spend funds and divert efforts to new labor-intensive developments and scientific research proj-ects aimed at creating an even more perfect weapon?

But that was not the single cause of the German physicists’ failure. On this point I concur with the very competent research of David Irving, who writes in The Virus House, “In late 1940, German physicists had not foreseen any serious difficulties on the way to the military use of atomic energy....Having rejected graphite in January 1941, German scientists committed a fatal mistake. Now it is well known.” This error worked to the advantage of missile specialists because there clearly was not enough graphite in Germany for both fields of endeavor. We and the Americans also used graphite control surfaces to control missiles up until the mid-1950s. Now it is well known that it is better to use other meth-ods instead of control vanes of any material. But more than ten years of persist-ent work by specialists from the USSR and United States were required to switch to this method.

Irving writes,
Who knows how the situation would have turned out if the mistake had been corrected in a timely manner. This mistake, which was fatal for the German atomic project, proved to be fortunate for humankind. It became the main obstacle and hindered the Germans from creating a critical reac-tor using graphite and uranium, in other words, the same type of reactor as the first operating reactor in the world, which the Americans created two years later . . .


As far as one can tell from the published research, neither Russian nor Ameri-can postwar researchers have fully appreciated how the Peenemünde rocketeers’ invention of graphite control surfaces saved humankind. The Germans were forced to use up their extremely limited stores of pure graphite.


Reference
Rockets and People: Volume I (NASA History) Paperback – April 29, 2013, p247-249.

http://web.archive.org/web/2008111219383...0/vol1.pdf
Quote:Boris Evseyevich Chertok was a prominent Soviet and Russian rocket designer, responsible for control systems of a number of ballistic missiles and spacecraft. Chertok was born in 1912 in Poland, and his family moved to Moscow when he was three years old. Academician Chertok began his career as an electrician in Moscow before joining the aircraft design bureau of Viktor Bolkhovitinov in 1934.

In 1946, he joined the newly established NII-88 institute as head of the control systems department and worked hand-in-hand with famed Chief Designer Sergey Korolev.
Chertok became one of Korolev's closest aides in developing control systems for ballistic missiles and spacecraft, eventually becoming deputy chief designer of the famous OKB-1, the design organization that spun off from NII-88 in 1956 and was responsible for a remarkable string of space firsts of the early Soviet space program. Chertok participated in every major project at OKB-1, now the S.P. Korolev Rocket and Space Corporation Energia, until his retirement from active work in 1991. Among his many contributions to the Russian space industry, he was closely involved in the launch of the world's first satellite, Sputnik, on October 4, 1957 and the first human spaceflight by Yuri Gagarin on April 12, 1961. Following his retirement, Chertok served as a senior consultant at RSC-Energia and published a series of memoirs, "Rockets and People," chronicling the history of the Russian space program.

http://web.archive.org/web/2019110707385...www.amazon DOT com/Rockets-People-I-NASA-History/dp/1484842677
http://archive.is/Yva51


The Third Contender

Both the Allies and the Axis were engaged in a nuclear weapon race. With opposite outcome. The Soviet Union also started its own research by 1942, but without fruition during the time of the war.

Quote:The enrichement of Uranium-235 must of course reach 3% to 5% (low enriched uranium, LEU) to be used in nuclear reactors.

Uranium enriched to more than 20% uranium-235 is defined as highly enriched uranium (HEU). All HEU is weapons-usable, but the lower the enrichment level the greater the amount of material required to achieve a critical mass—the amount of material required to build a bomb.

States with nuclear weapons typically use so-called weapons-grade HEU, which is typically defined as 90% HEU or above, to minimize weapons’ size. Smaller and lighter nuclear weapons are much easier to deliver; ballistic missiles in particular can only deliver highly miniaturized nuclear weapons.

http://web.archive.org/web/2019011322110...nrichment/
http://archive.is/Nv3D9


Where the German Third Reich had failed miserably by setting the bar too high, with nuclear weapons requiring at least 20% enriched Uranium, the Empire of Japan's different focus path was successful.

The Nipponese Uranium research was aimed at producing nuclear powerplants requiring only 5% enriched Uranium.

The secret weapons were not bombs but highly energy-consuming directed energy weapons, powered by nuclear reactors, such as the Second Naval Technology Factory Ushio Laboratory's anti-air microwave, and the transcontinental stratospheric FUGO airships, fitted with ultra long-range, beyond line of sight (BLOS) particle accelerator weapons. Those would be captured and completed by the U.S. victors after 1945.


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by Galactic Penguin SST at 11-04-2019, 01:09 AM
Brief History Of Reichstag Fire False Flag V1.0a


First posted 16 April 2019; Updated 13 November 2019

Table of Contents

1. Introduction: Reichstag Fire False Flag of 1933

2. Reichstag Fire False Flag Of 2001

3. Reichstag Fire False Flag Of 2019

3.1. Notre Dame Talmud Burning of 1242

3.2. Lead Dust Over Paris

3.3. Foreshocks And Aftershocks
3.3.1. Charlie Hebdo Foreshock
3.3.1.1. Charlie Hebdo Shooting
3.3.1.2. Why Targeting Cabu?
3.3.1.3. Why Islamists As New Boogeymen?
3.3.1.4. Aftermath
3.3.2. Rouen Fire Aftershock

3.4. Alicem Nationwide Facial Recognition

3.5. Next Phases In The Multi-layered Surveillance Infrastructure

4. Future Reichstag Fire False Flags

1. Introduction

The Reichstag fire was an arson attack on the Reichstag building, home of the German parliament in Berlin, on Monday 27 February 1933.

As a consequence, at Hitler's request, the Reichstag Fire Decree suspended most civil liberties in Germany, including habeas corpus, freedom of expression, freedom of the press, the right of free association and public assembly, the secrecy of the post and telephone.

The term "Reichstag fire" has come to refer to false flag actions facilitated by an authority to promote their own interests through popular approval of retribution or retraction of civil rights.

[Image: reichstagsbrand-web.jpg]
https://archive.ph/hIdC0/ec04920a1be5fb4...a39607.jpg ; https://archive.ph/hIdC0/3eff564d14b29ba...46/scr.png ; http://web.archive.org/web/2019110400520...nd-web.jpg ; https://public-media.si-cdn.com/filer/5a...nd-web.jpg ; https://www.smithsonianmag.com/history/t...180962240/
1. Reichstag fire false flag of February 1933, signaling the rise of the totalitarian Nazi control of the German society.


2. Reichstag Fire False Flag Of 2001

Following the Reichstag Fire False Flag of 1933, a textbook replay took place in 2001 on September 11th, at the heart of the new Dystopian Empire, in New York.

With the same goal, signaling the end of all civil liberties in the U.S., and the entrenchment of the totalitarian rulers.

Biometric passports, fingerprint scanners, terahertz imaging scanners at all airports, all CCTV, massive build up of 4G cellphone base stations, etc.

360 degree coverage multi-camera smartphones, and associated selfie culture, cashless payment, facial recognition mandatory everywhere.

[Image: 60fbc8ff-c310-4d57-bc5f-e9cd7370a8fa.jpg]
https://archive.ph/Pn63y/342763633d3a525...fce990.jpg ; https://archive.ph/Pn63y/9170a1f7d2c82ff...ed/scr.png ; http://web.archive.org/web/2019110400534...70a8fa.jpg ; https://cdn.presstv.com/photo/20170324/6...70a8fa.jpg ; https://www.presstv.com/Detail/2017/03/2...11-attacks
2. Reichstag fire false flag of 2001, signaling the rise of the totalitarian control of the U.S. Dystopian society.

3. Reichstag Fire False Flag Of 2019

After two decades, it is now the Old Europe's turn.

In today's U.S. occupied Paris, this fire could only signal one thing. The end of an era, the old order and way of life, as the French used to know, and its replacement with a even more totalitarian one.

From now on the C.I.A.'s 5G will monitor the French citizens every moves and speech 24/7/365. Nowhere to hide.

[Image: N1dPfKT.jpg]
https://archive.ph/791f2/ff05ed87a47acab...95c0b7.jpg ; https://archive.ph/791f2/3a63403537655fa...ea/scr.png ; http://web.archive.org/web/2019110400570...1dPfKT.jpg
3. Reichstag fire false flag of 2019, signaling the rise of the totalitarian control of the U.S.-occupied French society.



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by Galactic Penguin SST at 11-04-2019, 12:31 AM
dani92, post: 11871786, member: 195630 Wrote:the info Europeans were there before

Like all contested territorial issues, too complex if one wants to avoid trolling. Must watch first the history of Crimea over 2500 years in a 48 minutes video, it's just like a movie. Not for braindeads.


2500 Years of European History

Quote:Published on Jan 25, 2016

Authorized reproduction of Bukharin.

See an extremely detailed bilingual version of 2500 years European History from early Romans to modern times!

Music:
Eternal Alexander - Vangelis
The Uruk-hai - Lord Of The Rings 2 Soundtrack
Hymne Des Chérubins - Divna & Melodi Choir
Zinjibar - Abdullah Ahmed/Seif Saleh
Terms - Harry Gregson-Williams
Dear Lord And Father Of Mankind - The Celebration Choir & Salvation Army Citadel Band
Mozart: Rondo alla Turca Sonata No. 11, KV 331 - Orchestra Italiana
Conquest Of Paradise - Vangelis
L'Internazionale - Coro dell'Armata Rossa
Lili marleen - Marlène Dietrich
La varsovienne - Chœur de l'armée soviétique, Boris Alexandrov
The Sacred War - The Red Flag Ensemble
Mon armée - Les Choeurs de L'Armée Rouge


Jan 25, 2016 Video (Duration 48 minutes)

youtube.com/watch?v=BXrnm4Tfv_A
1. 2500 Years of European History. Published on Jan 25, 2016

One last word, this video's main flaw and not the least, is obviously the ahistorical depiction of the post WW2 era. Here as a modern day Judgment of Solomon, a hotfix patched map.

[Image: bXEFf51.jpg]
https://archive.is/nhMG1/4ffeac5650afc19...592370.jpg ; https://archive.is/nhMG1/2ad63e1f4e7a1d2...2a/scr.png ; http://web.archive.org/web/2019110400243...XEFf51.jpg ; https://defence.pk/pdf/attachments/7ysym...27a9d23338
2. Hotfix patch for post-WWII era map.


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by lulldapull at 11-03-2019, 03:46 AM
Here's a great source for those hard to find/ create posters for Hezb......A part of any Lebanon or Syria diorama's. Please note, the site also sells completed full builds with weathering and the whole 9 yards if anyone is intersted in buying. Many rare items there in the IDF/ Arabe sections:

http://www.model-miniature.com/product.p...product=23
by lulldapull at 10-31-2019, 04:13 AM
Here is a review. This is a must have folks. I bought this at a swap meet for about $25 here in Japan. In the West Japanese high end extreme detail Hasegawa kits sell for a lot more. This is the best F-14A out there:

https://modelingmadness.com/scott/mod/pr.../02242.htm
by lulldapull at 10-31-2019, 04:08 AM
Guys this PM models kit from Turkey is from the 80's and sold for only like $5. Here it is modified into the beautiful Saeqeh in the blue and yellow livery:

by lulldapull at 10-31-2019, 04:00 AM
This is a nice build folks.......he screwed up on the Iranian Flag being upside down, but other than that this is a bang up job........Amir, you seeing this?

by Galactic Penguin SST at 10-31-2019, 01:22 AM
(10-30-2019, 03:14 PM)lulldapull Wrote: Galactic Penguin, is there a Plan for Iran to set up its own space station? Or is it too early to even think of this?


As you might have figured out, developing its own indigenous manned space program can not be justified if it stops at just sending a few astronauts into LEO.

That would be a stunt for minor NGO players like the viking's 'Copenhagen Suborbitals'.

But as an official milestone that is intended to trumpet to the world one's entry into the most elite club of superpowers, any indigenous manned space program has to follow these following steps:

Phase I

1. An unmanned suborbital flight.
2. A single astronaut suborbital flight.

Phase II

3. An unmanned orbital flight with recoverable capsule.
4. A single astronaut orbital flight.
5. A single astronaut orbital flight with spacewalk.

Phase III

6. A multi astronauts orbital short-term flight.
7. A multi astronauts orbital short-term flight, with female astronaut.
8. A multi astronauts orbital short-term flight, with spacewalk.

Phase IV

9. A multi astronauts orbital flight with rendez-vous.
10. A multi astronauts orbital flight with rendez-vous and docking to target spacecraft.

Phase V

11. Rendez-vous and docking of several space modules to form a small space station.
12. A multi astronauts orbital long-term flight with docking to a space station.



Iran has disclosed the phases 1 to 3, during the years 2010s.

As for the following steps 4 and 5, it is still not official.



And here we can have a good indication, if we monitor the Indian ISRO procedure. If one can see the head then one can guess the existence of the tail.

India has disclosed only lately in 2019 its 20 tons Space Station, made of two modules.

[Image: 6Boz6It.png]
https://archive.fo/goM7Z/fe8ee905d312704...2370e2.png ; https://i.imgur.com/6Boz6It.png
1. The 20 tons Indian Space Station, made of two modules.

That is later than North Korea. But NADA's plans are inofficial, only hint disclosed in 2018.

[Image: f14da7d8064b1671c0c0ce5317f49d8ad97d068a.jpg]
http://web.archive.org/web/2019080714292...0ea0_b.jpg ; https://archive.fo/tWv4n/f14da7d8064b167...7d068a.jpg ; https://www.flickr.com/photos/dprktoday/42507168321/ ; https://defence.pk/pdf/attachments/42507...b699925220 ; 전국소년과학환상문예작품 및 모형전시회-2018》 개막_3 ; Uploaded on June 2, 2018
2. National Youth Science Fiction Literature and Model Exhibition 2018: published on 2 June 2018, a depiction of a North Korean orbital manned spacecraft, powered by two pair of solar panels, linked to a cylindrical module that shows 3 portholes.

Itself a reiteration of the old Salyut-type space laboratory represented in 1989.

[Image: befb910e5bf73cd55d704a5004ae2cadeae5f886.jpg]
http://web.archive.org/web/2019080714135...187217.jpg ; https://archive.fo/MkKk4/befb910e5bf73cd...e5f886.jpg ; http://web.archive.org/web/2019080714095...6a67966e0f ; https://archive.fo/9rxQ3/befb910e5bf73cd...adeae5f886 ; https://charliecrane.com/portfolio/welcome-to-pyongyang ; https://defence.pk/pdf/attachments/f1c45...1cf3a0ecfa
3. North Korean Space shuttle model in the Mangyongdae Schoolchildren’s Palace that was opened in 1989. Notice the space laboratory.

And as of Iranian hints, we had a first glimpse back in 2012, during the 63rd International Astronautical Congress (IAC) in Naples.

With the first ever image of an Iranian 2-modules three-seaters orbital manned spacecraft and initially due to be launched sometimes after 2019. Notice that the Iranian orbital spacecraft is fitted with a docking system.


[Image: 34e705f562551806275eb24ae78b89b5ab7cca90.jpg]
https://archive.fo/aYll2/34e705f56255180...7cca90.jpg ; https://archive.fo/aYll2/b7602f817588daa...bb/scr.png ; http://soheilesy.persiangig.com/image/SATL/Capsule.jpg ; https://defence.pk/pdf/threads/irans-man...st-3707971
4. Iran's three seaters orbital manned spacecraft first disclosed in 2012.

Then a second type of orbital manned spacecraft was seen displayed in 2013 docking to a co-orbital target.

[Image: 121650.jpg]
http://gallery.military.ir/albums/userpi...121650.jpg ; https://archive.ph/XHtU3/ed36305d4f2ce5e...137914.jpg ; https://archive.ph/XHtU3/40e01a5f0779b11...58/scr.png ; http://web.archive.org/web/2019103100451...17_850.jpg ; https://www.bultannews.com/fa/news/12341...8%AA%D8%AF
5. Iran 2013 representation of a small manned orbital spacecraft docking to a co-orbital target.

At nearly the same time, even a third design was presented. This Iranian Soyuz-type shared the general layout. While the published specifications did not mention any Orbital Module that should comprises the docking system, computer CGI images clearly revealed the "headlight" Soyuz/Shenzhou-type shape of the Reentry module.  

Quote:Researchers have success in the design of manned orbital spacecraft

2013/8/27

Design life of 14 days, orbital mission of up to 3 days with a crew of one to two astronauts.

Telecommunication antennas, solar arrays and radiators are installed outside the spacecraft.

Injection orbit of 250 × 200 km altitude, with operating altitude of 330 Km ± 5 km

Length of 5 m and diameter of 2.5 to 1.45 m, which is about four cubic meters volume
The mass of the propulsion module is 2.5 tons
The Reentry module has a mass of 2.5 tons.

Solar Electric system power: 1.00 average kW.
Batteries power: 0.2 kW

http://isna.ir/fa/news/92060502937/%D9%8...B%8C%D9%86

[Image: 4]
http://media.isna.ir/content/sm-final2.jpg/4 ; http://isna.ir/fa/news/92060502937/%D9%8...B%8C%D9%86
6. Iranian Soyuz-type manned orbital spacecraft CGI from 2013: propulsion module

[Image: 4]
http://media.isna.ir/content/25-375.jpg/4 ; http://isna.ir/fa/news/92060502937/%D9%8...B%8C%D9%86
7. Iranian Soyuz-type manned orbital spacecraft CGI from 2013: propulsion module and reentry module

Here a CGI by unknown sources showing the same spacecraft from a different angle, and emphasizing on the reentry module.

[Image: 635011844293450022.jpg]
http://media.jamejamonline.ir/Media/Imag...450022.jpg ; http://jamejamonline.ir/online/100141868...8%B6%D8%A7 ; http://www.aerospacetalk.ir/vb/showthread.php?t=51579
8.  Unofficial CGI of Iranian manned orbital spacecraft with reconstructed Shenzhou-type return module.

As a further proof of this joint Iranian-Korean project, the same spacecraft was displayed in North Korea on 9th March 2017 during the week of the 2017 Kimjongilia Festival.

The manned orbital 3-modules spacecraft, was seen with one pair of solar panels on the service module, similar to the Chinese Project 863 manned orbital spacecraft (Shenzhou).

[Image: 8ac921eee8a57f2cdcb1af2df903bfde3a9b0a5d.jpg]
https://archive.ph/FiQ6r/8ac921eee8a57f2...9b0a5d.jpg ; https://archive.ph/FiQ6r/0457016407ccafd...58/scr.png ; http://web.archive.org/web/2019111923484...19ui1l.jpg ; http://ipic.su/7ytepD.jpg ; https://c1.staticflickr.com/3/2005/32772...ac03_b.jpg ; flickr.com/photos/arirangmeari/32772293282/ ; http://dprktoday.com/index.php?type=26&no=9047 ; youtube.com/watch?v=I-40y8aIPTU
9. Depiction of a North Korean 3-modules manned orbital spacecraft at the 2017 Kimjongilia Festival

At the same time, in February 2017, Iran even presented a very stylized drawing of the said 3-modules spacecraft. And  associated with a spacewalker!

[Image: 3a3440066377c788556f0d4f7e2fecc083b38f74.jpg]
https://archive.ph/tX3Mr/3a3440066377c78...b38f74.jpg ; https://archive.ph/tX3Mr/d3fecaf3e4231fa...71/scr.png ; http://web.archive.org/web/2019111923521...QPPjgT.jpg ; http://ipic.su/7yt6Bu.jpg ; http://aero2017.kntu.ac.ir/files_site/po...065515.jpg ; http://aero2017.kntu.ac.ir/en/poster.php
10. Illustration of an Iranian astronaut performing EVA and a 3-modules manned orbital spacecraft, in a February 2017 K.N. Toosi University of Technology poster.

Spacewalks already popularised the previous year during the Seventh exhibition of air and space industry, held around 30 October 2016.

[Image: 24d76dc6b5e6f453dcf324a27a065c94238c34cf.jpg]
https://archive.is/p7Ug7/24d76dc6b5e6f45...8c34cf.jpg ; https://archive.is/p7Ug7/f0c8a587fbae4c5...59/scr.png ; http://web.archive.org/web/2019111923384...XIHAW9.jpg ; https://snn.ir/Original/1395/08/06/IMG15232313.jpg ; http://snn.ir/detail/News/555501/75
11.  Iranian visitors taking selfies as moked astronaut performing EVA, Seventh exhibition of air and space industry, 30 October 2016.

Finally, seven years after its first appearance, the first 2-modules three-seaters orbital manned spacecraft fitted with a docking system, was again seen on the occasion of the 2019 world’s Space Week, during a news conference of Iran’s Space Research Center and Iran’s Space Agency, shortly referred to as ISA.

According to practice, this only hints at some great progress made in the development of the E1 single seater suborbital manned spacecraft.

[Image: f25c9aae8eb0e242ef1f6a8096f45babf4c12c98.png]
https://archive.is/Hs5Yg/f25c9aae8eb0e24...c12c98.png ; https://archive.is/Hs5Yg/ace0d5096b3c53c...03/scr.png ; http://web.archive.org/web/2019100819231...e-industry ; http://archive.fo/2C3gu
12. Iran's three seaters orbital manned spacecraft as represented in a 2019 world’s Space Week poster.



Could Iran skip the development of its own space laboratory/space station? Even though a courtesy visit to the Chinese Space Station could be envisaged sometimes during the 5 steps of the Iranian long term space development plan, a continuous human presence in space can only be achieved by building its own Iranian space station.

The following text from a non-Iranian source, explains once again why Iran can neither count on Russia nor the U.S. in this endeavour, but only trust North Korea and China.

Quote:Iran Looks To Get In On Middle East Human Spaceflight Boom With Russia

John Sheldon October 23, 2019

The head of the Iran Space Agency (ISA), Morteza Barari, has said that Iran is looking to open discussions with Russia about the possibility of sending an Iranian astronaut to the International Space Station (ISS), according to Iranian press reports.

Barari’s announcement echoes a similar statement made in early October 2019 by Iran’s Minister of Information and Communications Technology, Mohammad-Javad Azari Jahromi, who has also openly called for talks with Russia about training and sending an Iranian to the ISS.

“In order to send an astronaut explorer [to the ISS], we should launch negotiations with Russia. There are many explorers from different countries at the ISS. We are also primed at studying the possibility to send an astronaut to the space station in cooperation with other nations, for example Russia,” Barari said in an interview with Iran’s Mehr News Agency.

The announcement by Iranian officials follows a flurry of human spaceflight activity and talks with Russia in the Middle East. In late September 2019 the United Arab Emirates sent its first astronaut, Hazza Al Mansoori, to the ISS with Russian assistance. Russia is also known to have offered similar astronaut training and launch services to Bahrain, Saudi Arabia, and Turkey.

On his state visits to Saudi Arabia and the UAE in mid-October 2019, Russian President Vladimir Putin reiterated Russia’s pledge to assist those countries in their space ambitions.

Often left unmentioned in much of the regional coverage of Russia’s offers to send Arab astronauts to the ISS is the fact that Moscow expects countries to pay for their astronaut’s training, launch, and other expenses. The cost of sending an individual for rigorous astronaut training, launch, stay on the ISS, and return to Earth can run into tens of millions of dollars.

For countries like Bahrain, Saudi Arabia, and the UAE this kind of expenditure can be afforded and justified to their respective publics.

Egypt has also publicly expressed an interest to send one of its citizens to the ISS with Russian help, but questions as to whether Cairo can afford this kind of mission or whether Russia is willing to do so for free remains unknown.

For Iranian ambitions to send an astronaut to the ISS, the issue is not just one of affordability given the parlous state of Iran’s economy due to chronic mismanagement and the international sanctions regime. Rather, the very sanctions themselves would likely prevent Russia from allowing Iran to send one of its citizens to the ISS. Even though an Iranian astronaut would stay on board the Russian ISS module (effectively Russian sovereign territory), they would have to interact with other fellow astronauts from countries that are sanctioning Iran and, in the course of their ISS duties, go to the ISS modules owned and operated by the United States, European Space Agency, and Japan.

Even if Russia wanted to send an Iranian astronaut to the ISS, it is more than likely that other ISS international partners would strongly oppose such a mission.

http://web.archive.org/web/2019103023575...th-russia/
http://archive.ph/VTs2M

The Indian two-modules 20 tons space station might not be the closest analogy though. As Iran would have in the future a much more powerful launcher than India's GSLV, with the Safir-4 able to place 20 tons into LEO!

Quote:Iran's Communication Satellite Developing Plan 2026 of the Iranian Space Research Center (I.S.R.C.) has revealed its future space launcher's payload capabilities:

• Nahid-1, 50 Kg, LEO, Safir-1 SLV
• Nahid-2, < 100 Kg, LEO, Safir-2 SLV
• IRANSAT-1, 1 ton, GEO, Safir-3A SLV
• IRANSAT-2, 3 tons, GEO, Safir-3C SLV  

[Image: DVw4DqgXUAEOXQg.jpg]
http://web.archive.org/web/2019080110491...AEOXQg.jpg ; https://archive.fo/TVRNZ/e148f10050430ae...8610a6.jpg ; https://defence.pk/pdf/proxy.php?image=h...286338f0c9
13. Iran's roadmap for communication satellites. From official presentation of the Iranian Space Research Center.

The existence of an even more powerful heavy space launcher, able to place 20 tons into LEO, has also been revealed, the Safir-4.

[Image: 5746e1eeabd68c89d76db3e1acc6dd6bb97af820.jpg]
http://web.archive.org/web/2019032423432...JeN7HI.jpg ; https://archive.fo/8MUj0/5746e1eeabd68c8...7af820.jpg ; https://defence.pk/pdf/attachments/uh-1-...b0f6ad1834
14. Artistic representation of the North Korean Unha launchers family, 2019. Outdated as of Mid-February 2019.

[Image: 4.gif]

[Image: 6e323515d66ee30841cae4a9a7318d3b72b3e685.gif]
[Image: ae4ffdaeb02c2ea160fb33e41686a846f36755ca.gif]
[Image: 55abcc242354c9c1c73538db5d8c7b984de5ca52.gif]
by Persian Gulf at 10-13-2019, 08:55 PM
Thread to discuss the 2020 Presidential Election scheduled for November 3rd 2020. 

The first Democratic primaries:
- February 3rd, Iowa
- February 11th, New Hampshire
- February 22nd, Nevada
- February 29th, South Carolina
- March 3rd ("Super Tuesday), 14 primaries 

[Image: prim.png]

The current Democratic Party front-runners are Joe Biden, Elizabeth Warren and Bernie Sanders. Head to head polls vs Trump currently show that all 3 consistently lead Trump by approx +3-10%.

The latest poll for Iowa (CBS/YouGov, Oct 3-11th) shows Biden and Warren tied at 22% with Bernie at 21%. 

The latest poll for New Hampshire (same) shows Warren leading with 32%, with Biden at 24% and Bernie at 17%. 

The latest poll for Nevada has Bernie leading with 29%, with Biden at 27% and Warren at 18%. 

The next Democratic debate is scheduled to take place on Tuesday 15th October with 12 Democratic candidates having qualified to participate in the debate.

Disclosure: I am 100% behind Bernie Sanders. Biden so far in the debates has been terrible and seems to be severely affected by his age. I don't think he could keep up with Trump in the debates at all. Warren is a former Republican and would be a good option, but in my opinion Trump would have a very easy time against her. Women seem to have certain structural disadvantages in elections (possibly because voters psychologically prefer certain characteristics that are mostly associated with men). Bernie is the only candidate that I believe could beat Trump in an election; the majority of Americans support his main policies (medicare for all, living wage, eliminate student debt, etc) and he has the strongest grass roots fundraising base of any Democratic candidate.
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