by Galactic Penguin SST at Today, 12:40 AM
Iran's First GEO Remote Sensing Satellite

First edited 17 September 2019; Updated 17 September 2019

Table of Contents

1. Introduction

2. First Disclosure of Iran's GEO Remote Sensing Satellite

3. Iran's Adaptive Optics

4. Iran's Orbital Telescope

5. Iran's GEO Space Launcher: Safir-3A/C

6. Iran's Heavy GEO Space Launcher: Safir-4


1. Introduction


The 4.6 ton Gaofen 4, the world's most powerful GEO imaging satellite, was launched on December 28, 2015 from Xichang in China, on a CZ-3B rocket, to a geosynchronous orbit above the Earth.

The GEO orbit of Gaofen 4 means that it can maintain continuous coverage of Chinese territory and surrounding areas. It's also the most powerful GEO satellite, good enough to track aircraft carriers in near real time from space.

GEO satellites constantly stay above a patch of Earth, thus providing constant 24 hour surveillance of a geographic area. By contrast, low earth orbit (LEO) satellites such as the U.S. KH-11 spy satellites are closer to the Earth, so their speed exceeds that of the Earth's rotation (meaning that they cannot maintain continuous surveillance over specific locations). In the Gaofen 4's case, its range of view is a 7,000km by 7,000km box of 49 million square kilometers of Asian land and water in and around China.

The Gaofen 4 is the world's most powerful GEO spy satellite. It has a color image resolution of slightly less than 50 meters (which is enough to track aircraft carriers by their wake at sea) and a thermal imaging resolution of 400m (good for spotting forest fires). It may also have a lower resolution video streaming capacity. Because of its round-the-clock coverage of Chinese territory and near aboard, Gaofen 4 can provide instant coverage of earthquake or typhoon hit areas to support humanitarian relief. It will also allow China to monitor strategic foreign sites such as WMD facilities and naval bases inside its observation box.

As a high orbiting GEO satellite, the Gaofen 4 would be very difficult to attack with anti-satellite weapons.

[Image: Cbu7fdm.jpg]
http://web.archive.org/web/2019091700155...FLJHWM.jpg
1. Gaofen 4 GEO Orbit.

http://web.archive.org/web/2019091401415...nto-space/


2. First Disclosure of Iran's GEO Remote Sensing Satellite


Quote:Putting 'sensing satellite' into orbit of 36,000 kms on agenda

Sep 14, 2019, 5:34 PM

Khorramabad, Sept 14, IRNA - The head of Iran's Space Agency Morteza Barari said on Saturday that the launch of a sensing satellite in the orbit of 36,000 kilometers is on the agenda and three Iranian satellites will be ready to carry out the mission.

Morteza Barari met with faculty and top startups in the province of Lorestan province on Saturday, and noted that the Islamic Republic of Iran has reached a full cycle of space technology with the efforts of its youth, despite 40 years of sanctions.
...

http://web.archive.org/web/2019091421393...-on-agenda
http://archive.is/Zbfff


3. Iran's Adaptive Optics

Iran has disclosed discussion on a 3 meter Class Telescope with Adaptive Optics for its National Observatory Program (2011).


4. Iran's Orbital Telescope

The Iranian Space Research Center's Orbital Telescope is a project in its early stages. The feasibility and needs assessment study of this project was carried out.

[Image: image17.1565017296.jpg]
http://web.archive.org/web/2019080515015...017296.jpg ; https://archive.fo/Hgfzf/1ae8342e4b2a978...ec46a6.jpg ; https://isrc.ac.ir/getattachment/%D9%BE%...mage17.jpg ; https://isrc.ac.ir/en-US/%D9%BE%DA%98%D9...8%A7%D9%86 ; http://archive.fo/T9L7L
2. Iran's Orbital Telescope.

5. Iran's GEO Space Launcher: Safir-3A/C


Iran's Communication Satellite Developing Plan 2026 of the Iranian Space Research Center (I.S.R.C.) has revealed its future space launcher's payload capabilities:

• Nahid-1, 50 Kg, LEO, Safir-1 SLV
• Nahid-2, < 100 Kg, LEO, Safir-2 SLV
• IRANSAT-1, 1 ton, GEO, Safir-3A SLV
• IRANSAT-2, 3 tons, GEO, Safir-3C SLV   

[Image: DVw4DqgXUAEOXQg.jpg]
http://web.archive.org/web/2019080110491...AEOXQg.jpg ; https://archive.fo/TVRNZ/e148f10050430ae...8610a6.jpg ; https://defence.pk/pdf/proxy.php?image=h...286338f0c9
3. Iran's roadmap for communication satellites. From official presentation of the Iranian Space Research Center.


6. Iran's Heavy GEO Space Launcher: Safir-4


The existence of an even more powerful heavy space launcher, able to place 20 tons into LEO, has also been revealed, the Safir-4.

An Iranian version of the North Korean Heavy-Lift Space Launcher Unha-20 has figured prominently in a huge graphic that was displayed during January 2019 in Tehran's Valiasr Square. The billboard was running in conjunction with the 40th anniversary of the Iranian Revolution.

[Image: ff65c5e613f4e6fa6117675b60d31c2b1e1ec5e1.jpg]
http://web.archive.org/web/2019032204040...224298.jpg ; https://archive.fo/LlgII/ff65c5e613f4e6f...1ec5e1.jpg ; https://defence.pk/pdf/proxy.php?image=h...ad422b9f34 ; https://media.mehrnews.com/d/2019/01/05/4/3004791.jpg; https://www.mehrnews.com/news/4504592/%D...8%A7%D9%86 ; رونمایی از جدیدترین دیوارنگاره میدان ولیعصر با موضوع جوانان ;
4. 17 January 2019. Note that Shahid Hajj General Hassan Tehrani Moghaddam, the father of Iran's space program is depicted bringing a treasure trove of [North Korean] blueprints to his fellow countrymen!


Below the North Korean equivalent of the Safir-3A (Unha-9) and Safir-4 (Unha-20):

[Image: YJeN7HI.jpg]
http://web.archive.org/web/2019032423432...JeN7HI.jpg ; https://archive.fo/8MUj0/5746e1eeabd68c8...7af820.jpg ; https://defence.pk/pdf/attachments/uh-1-...b0f6ad1834
5. Artistic representation of the North Korean Unha launchers family, 2019. Outdated as of Mid-February 2019.

[Image: tootha_thumb.gif]
[Image: ?temp_hash=a1e6d940f63c1ef1a53f20fa46b82732]
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by jafari at Yesterday, 10:29 PM
So I came across this article by Jorjani posted on PDF. https://arktos.com/2019/09/17/iranian-he...mic-world/

It's a very interesting article wherein the author lays out how and why Iran will have to be the core country of a new islamic civilization/era. There is also a 2 hour interview with Jorjani on this issue 


Jorjani has this interesting but weird mix of eastern religions, mixed with Nietzschean philosophy, Khatami's dialogue amongst the civilizations and an undeterment, ambivalent opinion about the islamic republic all in once that makes him difficult to follow for the average layman.

While I'm of the opinion that the influence of Iran wil only grow and expand troughout the middle east, I just don't see Jorjani's view of the future coming true wherein the advancement of technology will neccesitate a global world agreement or goverment to control technology so as it doesn't end up destroying mankind. This is the thesis of his other work world state of emergency. 

Im wondering what the native iranians think of the future he sets for Iran. Is he right or wrong and please elaborate on it.

Let there be a fruitful discussion
by Galactic Penguin SST at 09-15-2019, 11:15 PM
Genetically modified mosquitoes plague Brazil

Sat Sep 14, 2019

After a field experiment between 2013 and 2015, genetically modified mosquitoes are breeding in Brazil, while according to the researchers' original plan, all released mosquitoes and their offspring should have died.

An attempt to contain the populations of the yellow fever mosquito Aedes aegypti in Brazil may have failed. It appears that gene mutations have been transferred to the local population.

The British company Oxitec had released about 450,000 male mosquitoes every week in the city of Jacobina in the Bahia region with official permission over a period of 27 weeks. The experiment was designed to control the infectious diseases dengue, zika and yellow fever.

The gene modification called OX513A in the mosquitoes was designed in such a way that the first descendant generation of the mosquitoes, known as F1, would not reach the adult stage and thus not be able to reproduce.

Mosquito population collapsed during trial period

The hope of the Ministry of Health was to reduce mosquito populations by 90 percent. And this worked well during the field trial. About 18 months after the end of the experiment, the mosquito population returned to what it had been before.

The gene modification of the released mosquitoes also produced a fluorescent protein that made it possible to distinguish the first F1 generation from other mosquitoes.

Researchers at Yale University have examined the mosquitoes found in the region for their genetic alterations one year after the release, as well as 27 to 30 months after the release.

They came to the conclusion that parts of the gene alteration had unexpectedly migrated into the target population of local mosquitoes.

Gene modification was passed on

In the different samples, between 10 and 60 percent of the mosquitoes carried corresponding changes in the genome. The study was published in Nature: Scientific Reports on September 10.

If the field trial had taken place as originally predicted, the gene modification would not have been allowed to migrate into the mosquito populations because the offspring of the mosquitoes originally released would not have been able to reproduce.

However, it was already known from previous laboratory experiments that a small proportion of about three to four percent of OX513A descendants can reach adulthood; the scientists had assumed that those would be too weak to reproduce.

The authors of the study found that the GM mosquitoes were equally suitable as carriers of infectious diseases as the mosquitoes were before the experiment.

Critics take the floor

The Yale research team around Jeffrey Powell warns that the newly formed mosquito population could possibly be more robust than the mosquitoes were before.

The authors conclude: "These results demonstrate the importance of having in place a genetic monitoring program during releases of transgenic organisms to detect unanticipated consequences".

Biologists critical of genetic engineering go one step further with their criticism, among them the Brazilian biologist José Maria Gusman Ferraz: "The release of the mosquitoes was carried out hastily without any points having been clarified," Ferraz told the newspaper Folha de S. Paulo.

The Munich-based research laboratory Testbiotech, which is critical of genetic engineering, accuses Oxitec of having started the field trial without sufficient studies: "Oxitec's trials have led to a largely uncontrollable situation," CEO Christoph Then told the German Press Agency, dpa. "This incident must have consequences for the further employment of genetic engineering", he demanded.

No Gene Drive experiment

The field trial in Brazil did not use the controversial Gene Drive method, in which mosquitoes are given a very assertive gene that is always dominant during reproduction.

Researchers who experiment with Gene Drive in strictly isolated laboratories hope to eventually use the method to permanently eradicate entire mosquito populations. However, such experiments cannot be reversed and have therefore never been carried out in the open field.

http://web.archive.org/web/2019091522355...experiment
http://archive.fo/pi28o

Commentary

Reminder: Z.I.K.A. is the acronym of Ziombie Inducing Killing Agent. Yes, you read it, all will be turned into murderous ziombies very soon through horizontal gene transfer (i.e. interspecies transmission) with these C.I.A.-engineered and spread mosquitoes! And starting from Brazil, moving north, then crossing the oceans via international air routes!

[Image: 80337cf3d836c05027a215547bc0d59f41928469.jpg]
https://archive.is/t49jS/80337cf3d836c05...928469.jpg ; https://archive.is/t49jS/de8dc7481c84f63...f9/scr.png ; http://web.archive.org/web/2019091522314...3n0EHh.jpg
1. An all-Ziombie world soon.

[Image: 45b9cb835a547909272d271c4c9cf31ecc070abd.jpg]
https://archive.fo/u7Okz/45b9cb835a54790...070abd.jpg ; https://archive.fo/u7Okz/f603e9bfad72b22...6d/scr.png ; http://web.archive.org/web/2019091522320...a78QSW.jpg
2. Brasanaro the start of the all-Ziombie world.


[Image: sk_thumb.gif]
[Image: cool_thumb.gif]
by Persian Gulf at 09-15-2019, 03:31 PM
Iran making tangible progress in quantum physics: AEOI chief

Head of the Atomic Energy Organization of Iran (AEOI) Ali Akbar Salehi said on Saturday that the country would open a first large laboratory dedicated to quantum physics in a year.

“Related experts and managers are working day and night to finish this job as soon as possible,” said Salehi while addressing a summer course on quantum sciences and technology in Tehran.

The official said Iran had compiled its own roadmap for development of quantum technologies, saying the document would come into force once it is ratified by the parliament and other related government bodies.

He said Iran was willing to keep its pace with a fast-growing quantum science in the world, saying expert groups had been formed in the AEOI to focus on various fields where quantum sciences are increasingly applied, including in communication, imaging, and in making new computers and sensors.

He said a successful entanglement experiment for photons carried out by AEOI scientists last summer had hugely boosted the morale in the field.


The senior official said that a large research center focused on new fields of science like the stem cells and quantum physics will be built by the AEOI in a near future.

Salehi said Iranian scientists could replicate the “quick” progress achieved in the field of nuclear technology in the country over the past years.

“The quantum technology is moving so fast that if we don’t act we’ll regret it,” said the official.

by Galactic Penguin SST at 09-15-2019, 01:25 AM
As Iran domestic manned space program has been postponed for many years, there is now another more likely possibility, an alternative path that could allow to see an Iranian astronaut going into space in less than five years.

Quote:Africa's Space Dream


August 23, 2019

WINDHOEK, Aug. 22 -- Students at Namibia's University of Science and Technology (NUST) have called for more investments in science and technology following a visit by Chinese astronauts.

Liu Yang and Chen Dong, who are in Namibia on a five-day visit, had an opportunity to engage in face to face interactions with the NUST students on Thursday.

The interactions focused on awareness in the development of space science and technology as the Chinese duo shared their experience in space through photographs and videos while entertaining various questions posed by the students.

Leuan van Kent, a 24-year-old senior in Engineering Electronics and Telecommunications at NUST, told Xinhua that he was impressed by the Space Talk session, during which Liu Yang, China's first female astronaut in space, revealed that she had wanted to be a bus driver, but ended up being an astronaut.

"The sky is the limit, who knows it might not be long before we have our very own Namibian astronauts explore space," Van Kent said.

According to him, for Namibia to achieve this, the government or industry players need to invest more in education and training, especially at the Namibian Institute of Space Technology (NIST), which is housed at NUST.

The role of NIST is to produce competent graduates that will play leading roles in the field of space technology as well as contribute to the societal improvement of life by the effective application of satellite applications and technology, amongst others.

"We all know it is expensive, but we can start one step at a time. For instance, we currently host the Chinese satellite tracking station in Swakopmund and through that, we can further learn and train locals," he added.

David John, a computer science senior, said the session with the astronauts was an eye-opener.

"I believe Namibia should not be left behind and hopefully one day we can 'tangle with the stars,' when we have our very own home-made astronaut," he added.

Geomatics student Laameni Haininga said she would like to see Namibia also send a female astronaut to space.

"I myself would not mind following in Yang's footsteps as she has inspired me. One never knows maybe one day I will be in her shoes," she added.

The event was attended by Chinese Ambassador to Namibia Zhang Yiming, Namibia's Deputy Minister of Higher Education, Training and Innovation Becky Ndjoze-Ojo and NUST officials.

Currently, the two countries enjoy cooperation in the science and technology field as Namibia hosts the China Telemetry, Tracking and Command Station, which tracks the re-entry of Chinese manned space vehicles.



[Image: 3752852365273877847.jpg]
http://web.archive.org/web/2019082411430...877847.jpg ; https://archive.fo/phgH8/403731c2a9516bc...a514a4.jpg ; http://web.archive.org/web/2019082411441...08623.html ; http://archive.fo/9LPlm
1. Chinese astronauts, an inspiration for the African youth.


[Image: 7200987684272219939.jpg]
http://web.archive.org/web/2019082411454...219939.jpg ; https://archive.fo/x3LFF/181707d4795ede6...026859.jpg ; http://web.archive.org/web/2019082411441...08623.html ; http://archive.fo/9LPlm
2. Chinese astronauts, an inspiration for the African youth.

http://web.archive.org/web/2019082411441...08623.html
http://archive.fo/9LPlm


Commentary

It is obvious that if any African nation wants to see one of its astronauts sent into space, it will not be with the Europeans!

Indeed, these leeches only have abduction and a one way trip to the the nearest slave plantation in the Americas aboard a slave ship to offer!  

[Image: 182907-050-C67CF42C.jpg]
http://web.archive.org/web/2019082412011...7CF42C.jpg ; https://archive.fo/7uuz9/7e76769387ca70b...2e050e.jpg ; http://web.archive.org/save/https://www....480/199340 ; http://archive.fo/ajKxS
3. Europe: the darkest hours of Africa.

Meanwhile, China as the only trusted and time-proven friend of Africa can surely provide all the trainings, as suggested in the report, and access to the Chinese Tiangong Space Station, along a safe return home, aboard one of its Shenzhou space ship!

With the rise of China and within a decade, under the Pax Sinica, or China Century, access to space will no longer be the sole monopoly of the white Europeans.

Soon, we will see Pakistani, Namibian, Venezuelan, Thai, Philipino, Lao, Cambodian, Bolivian and Nigerian astronauts soaring to the sky and paying courtesy visits to the Tiangong Space Station, one after the other!

[Image: ECkqyO4UEAA0iTV.jpg]
http://web.archive.org/web/2019082412181...AA0iTV.jpg ; https://archive.is/0JMHO/d89de03cda89c0c...ecd381.jpg
4. Chinese Tiangong Space Station: a space palace for mankind.

The Chinese Space Station's first two modules are already completed, only awaiting to be launched into space by late 2020 and early 2021.

And being even more spacious than the old Russian Mir Space Station!

Chinese Tianhe Vs Soviet MIR

 7:54 PM - 29 Aug 2019

Just a demonstration of proportions. You can clearly see both the equipment (centre) and living compartments (right) are longer. Also the larger volume of the forward multi docking hub.

[Image: EDL5IR1U8AInEpW.jpg]
http://web.archive.org/web/2019083114595...AInEpW.jpg ; https://archive.fo/QbtR8/879ca154f782179...a9d19a.jpg ; https://twitter.com/ShuttleAlmanac/statu...6976719873
5. Chinese Tianhe Vs Soviet MIR space station module.

Iran should ponder wisely, as Pakistan has already started the process of astronaut selection. Two years are required to complete an astronaut training. Therefore now, it is only a question of diplomacy between President Hassan Rouhani and Xi Jinping.

[Image: tootha_thumb.gif]
[Image: ?temp_hash=a1e6d940f63c1ef1a53f20fa46b82732]
[Image: cool_thumb.gif]
by kastor at 09-14-2019, 03:56 PM
Early Saturday, an oilfield operated by Saudi Aramco, the state-owned oil giant, was attacked by a number of drones.

The closure will impact almost five million barrels of crude production a day, about 5% of the world’s daily oil production, the WSJ reported.

Yemen’s Houthi rebels have claimed responsibility for the attack, saying it was one of their largest attacks ever inside the kingdom, the WSJ reported.

https://www.cnbc.com/2019/09/14/saudi-ar...-says.html
by Persian Gulf at 09-09-2019, 06:33 PM
Thread to discuss and keep updated on KSA's emerging and growing nuclear power programme.

Quote:Saudi Arabia has announced plans to produce and enrich uranium in the future for its nuclear power program set to enter into an operational phase with two atomic reactors.

Prince Abdulaziz bin Salman, the kingdom’s new energy minister, said on Monday that Riyadh intends to diversify its energy mix and go ahead with the full cycle of its nuclear program, including the production and enrichment of uranium for atomic fuel.

“We are proceeding with it cautiously... we are experimenting with two nuclear reactors,” Abdulaziz said at an energy conference in Abu Dhabi.

The Saudi official also pointed to Riyadh's plans to issue a tender for the kingdom's first two nuclear power reactors, saying the tender is expected to be made next year.

Companies from the US, China, Russia, South Korea and France are speculated to be involved in preliminary talks about the project estimated to be worth billions of dollars.

American companies could only compete for the project if Riyadh signs an agreement with Washington assuring it will use nuclear technology for peaceful purposes, according to Reuters.

Saudi officials, however, have said they would not agree to a deal that denies them the possibility of enriching uranium or reprocessing spent fuel, which could lead to a nuclear bomb.

Riyadh has refused to agree to safeguards, which ban it from using nuclear technology for military purposes.

https://www.presstv.com/Detail/2019/09/0...enrichment
by Robert99 at 09-06-2019, 08:38 PM
[Image: 2-C84-F8-E8-AC2-A-4704-A10-D-F8406-E47-F5-B6.jpg]


[Image: 33-A0-FE11-4-E4-F-413-F-9-E74-4795-B0401888.jpg]

These are some photos of Iran cities
by Robert99 at 09-06-2019, 08:34 PM
[Image: 65108-C9-C-E65-C-424-B-B203-52-C7-CAC3-D920.png]

Military ranking system
by Robert99 at 09-06-2019, 06:39 PM
Hi there my name is jordan robert I’m here to make friends and serve Iran like my profile thanks
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