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Quote:The S-IB stage was built by the Chrysler corporation at the Michoud Assembly Facility, New Orleans. It was powered by eight Rocketdyne H-1 rocket engines burning RP-1 fuel with liquid oxygen (LOX). Eight Redstone tanks (four holding fuel and four holding LOX) were clustered around a Jupiter rocket LOX tank. The four outboard engines were mounted on gimbals, allowing them to be steered to control the rocket. Eight fins surrounding the base thrust structure provided aerodynamic stability and control.
Hamartia Antidote, post: 11806188, member: 151235 Wrote:You are mixing two things up “rocket flight” and “space flight”.
BTW rocket engines are a Western invention....
Quote:World's First Rocket Made in Korea
Pyongyang, May 30 (KCNA) -- "Rocket" weapons were made and used by Korea already in the period of Koguryo (B.C. 277-A.D. 668). The first "rocket" was very simple but its principle is similar with that of modern one.
A jet-propelled weapon called Kwanghwi demonstrated its might in a battle near the castle in Mt. Pukhan in 661.
People of Koryo (918-1392) made a "rocket" called Hwajon.
Hwajon was 726 millimeters long and its arrowhead 90 millimeters long. The arrow was shot by lighting the cartridge.
According to a historical record, Koryo manufactured lots of Hwajon around 1127 and deployed them in vantage points for national defence.
On the basis of arrows with fire wicks made in the period of the three kingdoms, Koreans developed Singijon, the origin of multistage rocket, in the early 15th century.
There were three kinds of Singijon according to their sizes, types and powder-cartridges.
The small one was a two-stage rocket. The medium one with one more small cartridge than the small one was a three-stage rocket, while the large one with four cartridges and wings was a four-stage rocket.
Having a great firing power, they could strike far-off targets on land and big warships. The weapons were widely used during the Imjin Patriotic War (1592) against the Japanese invaders and other battles against invaders. They were also used as signal means.
They are precious historical relics showing the intelligence and patriotism of the Korean nation.
Quote:Singijon, Origin of Multi-stage Rocket
Pyongyang, October 23 (KCNA) -- The Korean people made a jet-propelled weapon for the first time in the world.
Kwanghwi, which had the same operating principle with rocket, came into being in the period of Koguryo (B.C. 277-A.D. 668), and Singijon, the origin of multi-stage rocket, appeared in the early 15th century.
Singijon was classified into small, medium and large one according to its size, type and structure of reaction powder-flask.
The small-sized Singijon was a kind of two-stage rocket as it could fly far to a distance by the force of gas emitted from two powder-flasks installed in the tail of an arrow.
The other two weapons equipped with more powder-flasks could fly like three-stage and four-stage rockets.
In the mid-15th century, dimensions of Singijon were standardized on a nationwide scale.
This weaponry was used in the battles of Kyongju and Haengjusan castles during the Imjin Patriotic War (1592-1598). -0-
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▲ 6. Singijon, Origin of Multi-stage Rocket
Hamartia Antidote, post: 11856498, member: 151235 Wrote:Dude case closed on "plagiarism".
One of these is a Shenzhou spaceship and the other is a Soyuz.
How many people on PDF think they don't look alike??
You really think you pulled space travel off all by your smart selves...um..think again.
Quote:Soyuz Design Stolen From General Electric Apollo Proposal
There was something awfully familiar looking about the Soyuz spacecraft, the most successful in history....
Is the Soyuz Design a Copy of the General Electric Apollo Proposal?
The Russian Soyuz spacecraft has been the longest-lived, most adaptable, and most successful manned spacecraft design. In production for over thirty years, more than 220 have been built and flown on a wide range of missions. The design will remain in use with the international space station well into the next century.
But did the Russians steal the design from the Americans? When the configuration was first revealed in 1968, some industry insiders immediately noticed a strong resemblance to General Electric's losing Apollo spacecraft proposal. The resemblance was openly discussed by Phillip S Clark and Ralph F Gibbons in 1983. After the Soviet lunar program was declassified, and information on the design of the Soyuz lunar orbiter version was revealed, the similarities seemed even more marked.
Hamartia Antidote, post: 11854719, member: 151235 Wrote:Manned Spacefaring? They never made it to space..
The action or activity of travelling in space.
Hamartia Antidote, post: 11904281, member: 151235 Wrote:China has released its most successful sci-fi movie in the international market, 'The Wandering Earth'.
Unfortunately it made less than $10M in the International market.
Quote:Iran can learn from China about sci-fi movies: Reza Mirkarimi
November 22, 2019
TEHRAN – Iranian director Reza Mirkarimi has said that his country can learn from China about making sci-fi and action movies.
He made the remarks during a question and answer panel held after a screening of his film “Castle of Dreams” at the Tsinghua University in Beijing on November 7, Global Times, an English-language Chinese daily, announced last Tuesday.
The film was also screened at the Beijing Film Academy at the same time.
“These genres in Iran are not mainstream. We don’t have enough capacity to achieve what we want,” Mirkarimi said.
“China and Iran are both in the East of the world. We have these common Eastern feelings. There are many Chinese film experts that I’d like to work with, as I’ve seen their works on the screens at international film festivals,” Mirkarimi added.
“Castle of Dreams” is about two young children, whose mother has just died and their father, Jalal, after long years of absence, returns to sort things out, but he does not want to take the children with him.
The film won three main honors at the 22nd Shanghai International Film Festival, including the Golden Goblet Award for the best film.
The film also brought Mirkarimi the best director award, and the film’s star, Hamed Behdad shared the award for best actor with Chang Feng, the Chinese actor of “The Return” by Qin Hailu.
Mirkarimi is currently considering shooting a family drama set in a small city in China and making an animated TV series for children, possibly about the Silk Road and cultural exchange with China.
Quote:Rare-Earth Materials May Start Coming From Japanese Seafloor
Aug 08, 2019 at 11:45am
When oil started to be more and more difficult to obtain – and prices rised – it started to be extracted from the seafloor. Sometimes really deep in the ocean, at depths that can reach 28,000 ft underwater. What if we told you rare-earth materials may one day also come from “under the sea”, as Sebastian would say? Well, that’s the intention.
A group of scientists from the Waseda University made research in an area of more than 617,700 acres (2,500 km²) of the Japanese seabed at depths of 19,000 ft and discovered there very big sources of rare-earth materials.
To be more precise, and taking the current global demand into consideration, it could supply “supply Y (yttrium), Eu (europium), Tb (terbium), and Dy (dysprosium) for 780, 620, 420, and 730 years, respectively,” states the study published at Nature.
The important part is that the area contains “16 million tons of rare-earth oxides”. Once the material is extracted from the bottom of the sea, the researchers propose “hydrocyclone separators” to process the minerals.
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▲ 2. A mineral deposit has been found in Japan’s exclusive economic zone in the Western Pacific, of more than 16 million tons of rare-earth oxides.
Once upon the time on a small island named Taiwan, a neighborhood magistrate receives a secret message from space through radio transmission. 'The apocalypse is near', the magistrate warns his people, however nobody takes his words seriously. Meanwhile Diva, a suspicious teenage girl indulges herself in melancholic karaoke. Her horrific singing voice becomes a crisis to the magistrate's son, an elementary school boy. Her shameless karaoke turns the neighborhood into a living hell. To revenge Diva, the magistrate decides to explodes earth and migrate into space. Written by Hsin Yu Lin
'I had a screenplay which was naturally in English, because the story takes place in space and, I don’t know why, but for me, people speak English — or Russian or Chinese — but definitely not French in space.' -Claire Denis
'High Life' takes place beyond the solar system in a future that seems like the present. About a group of death-row inmates who accept a mission in space to become the subjects of a human reproduction experiment. They find themselves in the most unimaginable situation after a storm of cosmic rays hit the ship.
Monte (Robert Pattinson) and his baby daughter are the last survivors of a damned and dangerous mission to deep space. The crew—death-row inmates led by a doctor (Juliette Binoche) with sinister motives—has vanished. As the mystery of what happened onboard the ship is unraveled, father and daughter must rely on each other to survive as they hurtle toward the oblivion of a black hole.
Quote:16th September 2013
The lead candidate for the second launch of the probe is a special breed of living cat, known as the Persian Cat, known worldwide, said the head of the Iranian Space Agency's Astronautical Systems Research Institute. The launch will be using liquid fuel until the end of this year.
Dr. Mohammad Ebrahimi said: Any creature other than the Iranian cat has either been sent into space by other explorers in the past or is a race from other countries, including the pioneer astronaut monkey.
Some news sources cite other organisms such as mice and rabbits as the main candidate for launching the second living creature.
Quote:Former Syrian astronaut in Turkey set for citizenship
November 29 2019 13:04:29
After fleeing a civil war in his country of birth, the world's first Syrian astronaut is close to becoming a Turkish citizen.
“I am not a Turkish citizen but I have an application, and it's in the final stages,” Muhammed Ahmed Faris, a decorated ex-air force pilot, said during the 10th Bosphorus Summit in Istanbul.
In 1987, Faris became the second Arab in space, flying with cosmonauts to the Mir Space Station to do research there for over a week.
Fast forward to 2011, the start of the Syrian civil war.
Since then, over 5 million civilians have become refugees. Neighboring Turkey hosts 3.6 million of them, more than any country in the world -- including Faris, who came to Turkey in 2012.
“Life in Turkey is so nice and I would like to thank the Turkish community and Turkey for hosting Syrian refugees, as they are hosting around 4 million refugees,” said Faris.
“We got used to living in Turkey because Syrians and Turks are so similar,” he said. “Historically Syrians and Turks have lived together for years.”
Now Faris delivers lectures to high school and university students on space and astronomy, subjects he knows well firsthand.
“This month, I gave seven lectures in [the northwestern Turkish provinces of] Bursa and Istanbul at schools and universities,” he added.
After forming its own space agency, Turkey is due to announce an ambitious space program in 2020, according to the country's technology minister.
As for the future of the pioneering Faris, who took to the stars over 30 years ago, he said his terrestrial plans include putting down roots in Turkey.
“I will stay in Turkey, inshallah,” said the former astronaut.
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▲ 1. Muhammed Ahmed Faris, the world's first Syrian astronaut is close to becoming a Turkish citizen.
Quote:Iran takes 1st step for sending astronaut to space: ICT min.
4 February 2020 - 21:32
TEHRAN, Feb. 04 (MNA) – Iranian Minister of Communications and Information Technology (ICT) Mohammad Javad Azari Jahromi said that Islamic Republic of Iran took the first step for sending astronaut to space.
The plan for manufacturing five space bio capsules for carrying humans to the space kicked off.
He made the remarks late on Tue. in a ceremony of ‘Space Technologists’ Gathering” held at the venue of ICT Museum and added, “ICT has ordered manufacturing five space capsule for carrying human to space to the Aerospace Research Center of the Ministry of Science, Research and Technology.”
This will be the first step for sending Iranian astronaut to the space, the capsule of which is supposed to be manufactured within three years, Jahromi highlighted.
Turning to the manufacturing explorer, he added, “manufacturing explorer is on the research stage.”
Presently, ICT has ordered the construction of five explorers for robots up to 190km circuit of the Earth as weigh as 1,800, the prototype of which will be used for preparedness of human sending to the orbit.
ICT Minister Azari Jahromi said, “this project is carried out in cooperation with the international organizations and will have a major impact in progressing Iran’s space knowledge with regards to the spatial explorations.”
News Code 155293
-blitzkrieg-, post: 12068007, member: 167193 Wrote:Japan.
very unfair to not have that option.
(02-05-2020, 12:12 PM)lulldapull Wrote: Its just surprising that Iran is struggling with a manned space flight when Gagarin in the USSR managed it in the early 60's. How hard can it be? Hasn't Iran already launched living things and recovered them alive?
Quote:French agency CNES to aid ISRO’s space station project
27th January 2020 04:48 AM
Teams of CNES and ISRO have finalised drafting the agreement between the two space agencies in which French experts are likely to provide training to Indian astronauts.
BENGALURU: The French national space agency National Centre for Space Studies (CNES), which is collaborating with the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) in the Gaganyaan project, will also partner with the latter in the development of India’s planned space station.
A CNES official, speaking on behalf of the president of CNES, Jean-Yves Le Gall, told The New Indian Express that the French agency and its industry partners have gained vast experience from the Automated Transfer Vehicle (ATV) and its spin-offs such as rendezvous operations with the International Space Station (ISS). “French and European partners can bring the skills they have acquired in developing and operating systems and dedicated infrastructure for long-term six-month flights of European astronauts on the ISS,” he said.
While reiterating support for the Gaganyaan missions, he termed it as "the first step towards future collaboration on the development of India’s planned space station". "We want cooperation between France and India in human spaceflight to evolve into a long-term partnership along the same lines as our 15-year collaboration on climate-monitoring satellites and 50 years of working together on launchers," Le Gall said.
“We have confidence in ISRO’s ability to partner in human space exploration and we are ready to provide all the support we can to develop the space station. This also means India should be closely involved in the future international space station programmes that will succeed ISS, commensurate with its place in the world”, he said at an event organised by ISRO in the city recently.
French experts may train Indian astronauts
Meanwhile, teams of CNES and ISRO have finalised drafting the agreement between the two space agencies in which French experts are likely to provide training to Indian astronauts. They are likely to be trained by Novespace, a CNES subsidiary, on parabolic flights aboard the Air Zero Gravity, which is a modified version of an Airbus A310, a CNES official said. This will provide the astronauts a zero-gravity environment on Earth.
Expert services will be provided at CADMOS (the control centre in charge of operating the science and physiological experiments on the ISS) at MEDES space medicine research facility and hospital, in collaboration with ESA’s European Astronaut Centre (EAC). The CADMOS conceives and prepares the instruments and equipment that Europe’s astronauts use on the ISS, the official said.
The four Indian astronauts are set to go to Russia’s Star City for training, ISRO Chairman K Sivan had told TNIE. The training is said to last for a year (2021) before they return to India for another round of training.
The CNES will also provide India equipment for life support that astronauts will wear during Gaganyaan, scheduled for 2022. They will be using several French devices for health monitoring — eyewear device featuring a bluetooth connected garment which is equipped with biomedical sensors, aquapad cotton for quick and easy testing of water, specific equipment for waste management, or even food packaging.
They may even use other devices such as the ECHO, an ultrasound system tele-operated by doctors on the ground, or the Cardiomed to measure cardiovascular activity. CNES expert Dr Brigitte Godard has already spent time during July and August in Bengaluru to train physicians and personnel, said the official.
The Indian physicians and engineers involved in Gaganyaan will also be trained in France in the coming months. Training sessions will be for two weeks each, with teams coming and going. The training will be given at MEDES space medicine and physiology institute in Toulouse and by the teams at ESA’s astronaut training centre in Cologne.
Quote:Iranian milestones as of 2016
• Several suborbital flights with living animals
• Designing, construction and testing the first generation of suborbital manned spacecraft
• Telemetry conceptual design for the altitude of 250 km
• Designing, manufacturing and testing the recovery system for a 500 kg payload.
• Dynamic analysis of the astronaut’s body for suborbital spaceflights
• Conceptual design of an orbiting spacecraft carrying a human
Dec 10, 2019
Meanwhile India will attempt to launch its first vyomanaut by December 2021. Only after 2 unmanned flights.
Keeping in mind that China took 4 Shenzhou flights before risking a human flight, that the U.S. waited more than 4 launches of Mercury-Redstone before risking an astronaut, and that the Soviet Union even waited 7 Korabl-Sputnik launches before the first manned Vostok flight.
And the Indian GSLV Mk-III launcher is not yet a human rated one as of 2019. While the Gaganyaan space capsule is undergoing a major total overhaul, with the import from Russia of new window, seats and even spacesuits.
This obviously heedless and most risky approach by ISRO could well end up like the previously most infamous Vikram lunar landing gamble, that crashed helplessly on the lunar surface last 7th September 2019!
But this time with a much more serious national state funeral.
You have been warned!
Quote:‘Mad’ Mike Hughes believed Earth was flat. He was killed when his home-made rocket crashed in California desert
Updated: 10:03am, 24 Feb, 2020
A California man who said he wanted to fly to the edge of outer space to see if the world is round has died after his home-made rocket blasted off into the desert sky and plunged back to earth.
“Mad” Mike Hughes was killed on Saturday afternoon after his rocket crashed on private property near Barstow, California.
Waldo Stakes, a colleague who was at the rocket launch, said Hughes, 64, was killed.
The Science Channel said on Twitter it had been chronicling Hughes’ journey and that “thoughts & prayers go out to his family & friends during this difficult time”.
“It was always his dream to do this launch,” the Twitter message said.
Hughes also was a limousine driver, who held the Guinness world record for “longest limousine ramp jump”, for jumping 31 meters in a Lincoln Town Car stretch limousine, at a speedway in 2002.
A video showed the rocket taking off, with what appears to be a parachute tearing off during the launch. The steam-powered rocket streaks upwards, then takes around 10 seconds to fall straight back to earth. Shrieks can be heard as the rocket falls into the desert.
Freelance journalist Justin Chapman, who was at the scene, said the rocket appeared to rub against the launch apparatus, which might have caused the mishap with the parachute.
Chapman told The Los Angeles Times in an interview that Hughes might have been knocked unconscious during take-off.
In March 2018, Hughes propelled himself about 570 meters into the air. He deployed one parachute and then a second one but still had a hard landing in the Mojave Desert in California, and injured his back.
“This thing wants to kill you 10 different ways,” Hughes said after that launch. “This thing will kill you in a heartbeat.”
He said in a video that his goal was to eventually fly to the edge of outer space to determine for himself whether the world is round.
“I don’t want to take anyone else’s word for it,” he said in the video, posted on the BBC News website. “I don’t know if the world is flat or round.”
In another video posted on his YouTube site, Hughes said he also wanted “to convince people they can do things that are extraordinary with their lives”.
“My story really is incredible,” Hughes once said.
“It’s got a bunch of storylines – the garage-built thing. I’m an older guy. It’s out in the middle of nowhere, plus the Flat Earth. The problem is it brings out all the nuts also.”