by Parsi Pride at 05-24-2018, 12:19 PM
In a January 10, 2018 Daily Caller article titled “China May Have Just Brokered An Iran-Pakistan Accommodation,” I outlined the extensive diplomatic and military initiatives underway in the past year to foster reconciliation between Iran and Pakistan, orchestrated behind the scenes by China.
That strategy supports the Belt and Road Initiative (BRI), China’s blueprint for global hegemony. It is a development plan, a program of infrastructure projects and a network of commercial agreements designed to link the world directly to the Chinese economy through inter-connected land-based and maritime routes.
As French Asia expert, Nadége Rolland noted, BRI is soft power projection with an underlying hard power component, a comprehensive China-centered economic, financial and geopolitical web with far-reaching, cascading consequences affecting American national interests. It is not just resource acquisition or utilization of China’s industrial over-capacity, but projects specifically designed to ensure economic and, in parallel, military dominance.

As China expands commercially, the Chinese military, in particular its navy, will advance concomitantly to protect China’s growing economic empire, as did the British in an earlier era. Chinese intent is to gain access to a number of harbors and airports to create a chain of mutually-supporting military facilities.
China’s plans to expand its naval footprint in Pakistan have accompanied signsof increasing military cooperation between Tehran and Beijing over the last several years.
In June 2017, Iranian warships joined a Chinese naval flotilla conducting exercises in the Persian Gulf. The Chinese ships also made an official visit to the Iranian port city of Bandar Abbas after having earlier docked in Karachi, Pakistan. One Chinese military affairs expert, speaking at the time, said China was poised to increase its military presence in the Middle East to support BRI and would involve itself more in the affairs of the region.
Chinese efforts towards Iran-Pakistan cooperation have also borne fruit. In recent months, there has been a flurry of agreements in tradedefenseweapons developmentcounter-terrorismbankingtrain serviceparliamentary cooperation and — most recently — art and literature.

Secret security-related discussions among the Chinese, Pakistanis and Iranians military officials have been ongoing for at least a year. Early this March, for example, sources reported a nighttime meeting held at the Iran-Pakistan border near the strategic Pakistani port of Gwadar.

A major stimulus for those discussions has been the planned construction of a Chinese naval base on Pakistan’s Jiwani peninsula, immediately west of Gwadar near the Iranian border, a report confirmed here and here. It is not just its proximity to Iran, but that the Iranian navy is building one of its most sophisticated intelligence collection facilities right across the Jiwani Bay in Pasabandar, Iran. Combined, they would have enormous strategic significance.

A China-Iran-Pakistan alliance would have sweeping ramifications for U.S. foreign policy. For starters, it would render our current efforts in Afghanistan untenable, most likely provoking an American exit under conditions dictated by the Chinese and Pakistanis. It would initiate the beginning of an anti-access, area denial strategy against the U.S. Fifth Fleet in the Persian Gulf and Arabian Sea region, similar to what the Chinese have attempted to implement against the U.S. Pacific Fleet in the South China Sea. Even the mere contemplation of such an alliance could give the Iranians considerable leverage in the face of American sanctions.
Nevertheless, China’s expansion will inevitably expose geopolitical vulnerabilities, which can be employed to thwart its plan for regional domination.
Strategic disruption of Chinese ambitions would involve traditional diplomatic dexterity and power projection capabilities of containment policy, coupled with covert measures exploiting nation-state conflicts, the Sunni-Shia divide, ethnic separatism and the splits among Islamic extremist groups — all features present in the region.

Lawrence Sellin, Ph.D. is a retired US Army Reserve colonel, an IT command and control subject matter expert, trained in Arabic and Kurdish, and a veteran of Afghanistan, northern Iraq and a humanitarian mission to West Africa. He receives email at [email protected].
by Parsi Pride at 05-24-2018, 04:36 AM
Iran's Supreme Leader Ali Khamenei has set out several conditions for staying in the nuclear deal with world powers.The conditions include protecting Iran oil sales and safeguarding trade.US President Donald Trump has said he is withdrawing from the deal, and on Monday Secretary of State Mike Pompeo said sanctions lifted after the 2015 deal would be re-imposed.Under the deal, Iran agreed to curb its nuclear activity in return for the lifting of sanctions.Since campaigning to be president, Mr Trump has been heavily critical of the deal, and earlier this month he threatened economic sanctions on companies which did business with both Washington and Tehran.The UK, France and Germany, meanwhile, have been trying to keep the deal alive, and Iran says it will restart its nuclear programme unless its concerns are met.

 What are Ayatollah Khamenei's main conditions?
  • European powers should protect Iranian oil sales from the US sanctions and continue buying Iranian crude
  • European banks should safeguard trade with Iran
  • The UK, France and Germany should pledge not to seek negotiations on Iran's ballistic missile programme and regional activities, both demanded by Washington
The supreme leader said that if the three counties were unable to meet these demands, Iran would resume its enrichment of uraniumHe also said Iran could no longer have any dealings with the US."The Islamic Republic cannot deal with a government that easily violates an international treaty, withdraws its signature and in a theatrical show brags about its withdrawal on television," he said.What was he responding to?Ayatollah Khamenei's remarks came two days after Mr Pompeo set out his own conditions for any new deal with Iran.These included the withdrawal of its forces from Syria and an end to its support for rebels in Yemen.[Image: p067t2kt.jpg] Media captionUS vows 'unprecedented pressure on Iran'US sanctions lifted after the 2015 deal would be re-imposed, the US secretary of state said, and those and new measures would together constitute "unprecedented financial pressure on the Iranian regime".The older US sanctions prohibited almost all trade with Iran. Mr Pompeo did not say what new measures Washington was contemplating but described sanctions imposed last week on the head of Iran's central bank as "just the beginning".  Iran is one of the world's largest oil producers, and the export of oil and gas is worth billions of dollars each year.[Image: _101668827_irancustomers-nc.png]
Iran also agreed to modify a heavy water facility so it could not produce plutonium suitable for a bomb.In return, sanctions imposed by the UN, US and EU that had crippled Iran's economy were lifted.The deal was agreed between Iran and the five permanent members of the UN Security Council - the US, UK, France, China and Russia - plus Germany.Iran insists its nuclear programme is entirely peaceful, and its compliance with the deal has been verified by the IAEA.Both the country's oil output and its GDP fell noticeably under international sanctions.The sanctions will not be re-imposed on Tehran immediately but are subject to three-month and six-month wind-down periods.Is the US on its own?Israel praised the Trump administration's decision to pull out of the pact but the move was roundly criticised by fellow signatories, including France, Germany, the UK and Russia.All of the above signatories pledged to honour their commitments under the deal.Mr Pompeo has made clear he expects the backing of his allies in Europe but also called for support from "Australia, Bahrain, Egypt, India, Japan, Jordan, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, South Korea [and] the UAE".What was agreed under the 2015 deal?The Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA) saw Iran agree to limit the size of its stockpile of enriched uranium - which is used to make reactor fuel but also nuclear weapons - for 15 years and the number of centrifuges installed to enrich uranium for 10 years.
by admin at 05-23-2018, 07:32 PM
MOSCOW (AP) -- Syria on Wednesday dismissed American calls for the withdrawal of Iranian troops and Lebanese Hezbollah militants from the war-torn country.

Syrian Deputy Foreign Minister Faisal Mikdad told Russia's Sputnik news agency "this topic is not even on the agenda of discussion, since it concerns the sovereignty of Syria."

U.S. Secretary of State Mike Pompeo issued a list of demands this week for a new nuclear deal with Iran, including the pullout of its forces from Syria, where they have provided crucial support to President Bashar Assad's government. Russia is also a key ally of Assad, and has been waging an air campaign in Syria since 2015.
Mikdad said in Wednesday's remarks that Syria "highly appreciates" Russia's military support as well as "advisers" from Iran and Hezbollah. He added that "we cannot let anyone even raise this issue" of the Iranian withdrawal.

"Those who ask for something like that -- and this is definitely not our Russian friends -- are considering the possibility of intervention in all parts of Syria, including the support of terrorists in Syria and elsewhere in the region," Mikdad said.

At a meeting with Assad, who visited Sochi last week, Russian President Vladimir Putin noted that a political settlement in Syria should encourage foreign countries to withdraw their troops.

Putin's envoy for Syria, Alexander Lavrentyev, later commented that the Russian leader's statement was aimed at the U.S. and Turkey along with Iran and Hezbollah. It marked a rare instance in which Moscow suggested Iran should not maintain a permanent military presence in the country.

Russia has argued that its troops have deployed at the Syrian government's invitation, while the military presence of the U.S. and others has been illegal.

Lavrentyev's statement appeared to reflect a difficult balancing act for the Kremlin, which hopes to maintain good relations with both Iran and Israel. Israel has warned it will not accept a permanent Iranian military presence in Syria, and Israel struck a number of Iranian targets there earlier this month after what it said was a cross-border Iranian missile attack.

During the talks with Assad, Putin also encouraged him to send representatives to a commission in Geneva that would work out proposals for Syria's new constitution as part of a peace process.

Mikdad said, however, that Damascus isn't ready yet to nominate its candidates to the body.

"It is too early to speak about (candidates), but there are many people who are able to represent Syria and the Syrian government in these talks," he said.
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by admin at 05-22-2018, 07:16 PM
Beirut: A senior Iranian military commander poured scorn on US threats to tighten sanctions on Tuesday, saying the Islamic Republic’s people would respond by punching US secretary of state Mike Pompeo in the mouth.

On Monday, Pompeo said Washington would impose new penalties if Tehran did not make sweeping changes, including dropping its nuclear programme and pulling out of the Syrian civil war.

Two weeks after President Donald Trump pulled out of an international nuclear deal with Iran, his administration threatened to impose “the strongest sanctions in history”, setting Washington and Tehran further on a course of confrontation.

“The people of Iran should stand united in the face of this and they will deliver a strong punch to the mouth of the American Secretary of State and anyone who backs them”, Ismail Kowsari, the deputy commander of the Sarollah Revolutionary Guards base in Tehran said, according to the Iranian Labour News Agency (ILNA).

Limiting Iran’s missile capabilities was one of Pompeo’s main demands.

“Who are you and America to tell us to limit the range of ballistic missiles?” Kowsari said, according to ILNA. “History has shown that with the attacks on Hiroshima and Nagasaki, America is the top criminal with regard to missiles”, he added.

Qassem Soleimani, the head of the branch of the Revolutionary Guard, which carries out operations outside Iran’s borders, was singled out by Pompeo as a top troublemaker in West Asia.

“Soleimani is not a single person. The great people of Iran support him”, Kowsari said.

Separately, Iran’s government spokesman said that the plan outlined by Pompeo would exacerbate the public’s hostility to the United States.

“Do the Americans think that the silk glove that they’ve taken out and the iron hand that they’ve extended to the people, a hand that’s backed by Israel and the Mujahedin-e-Khalq Organization (MKO), will make Iranian people think that America wants democracy?” Mohammad Baqer Nobakht said on Tuesday, according to state media.

The MKO is an exiled Iranian armed Opposition group which has called for the overthrow of the Iranian government for decades.

John Bolton, the US national security advisor, has been a supporter of the MKO, which the Iranian government sees as a terrorist group.
by admin at 05-22-2018, 07:06 PM
After Russia said that foreign troops should leave Syria when the war ends, Tehran responded by saying no one can force Iran to do anything.

Russian President Vladimir Putin said on May 17 after a meeting with his Syrian counterpart, Bashar al-Assad: "We presume that, in connection with the significant victories and success of the Syrian Army in the fight against terrorism, with the onset of a more active part, with the onset of the political process in its more active phase, foreign armed forces will be withdrawn from the territory of the Syrian Arab Republic."

A day later, Alexander Lavrentiev, Putin’s envoy for Syria, left no doubt that Putin’s comment was aimed at the United States, Turkey, Iran, and Hezbollah.

“As long as it is necessary, the risk of terrorism in Syria exists, and the Syrian government wants Iran to continue its support, we will remain in Syria,” Bahram Ghasemi, spokesman for Iran’s Foreign Ministry, said on May 21.

An IDF's presentation of alleged Iranian intelligence sites in Syria, May 11, 2018
An IDF's presentation of alleged Iranian intelligence sites in Syria, May 11, 2018

“No one can force Iran to do anything. Iran is an independent country and determines its policies in the region and the world based on its national interests,” he added.

Since the civil war started in Syria in 2011, Iran has deployed thousands of troops, many of them Shi’a recruited from Afghanistan and Pakistan, to defend the regime of Bashar al-Assad, which Tehran considers crucial for its adversarial policies against Israel.

While underlining that the Syrian government has approved Iran’s military presence on its territory, Ghasemi said that “those who came to Syria without permission from the Syrian government and violated its territorial integrity should leave.”

Along with the Syrian regime, Iran considers the military intervention by the United States and its allies in Syria as an act of aggression.

So far, Tehran has admitted that more than 2,000 of its troops -- including several high-ranking members of the Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps (IRGC) -- have been in killed in the fight against Bashar al-Assad’s opponents.

In order to justify its military involvement in Syria for the public, the Iranian regime calls its fighters in Syria the “defenders of the shrine,” claiming its forces are there to protect the Zeinab Shrine, a Shi’ite holy site near Damascus.

Israel accuses Iran of trying to create permanent military bases in Syria. On May 9, Israeli missiles targeted dozens of sites in Syria and around the capital Damascus, claiming they were used by the IRGC.

Israeli Defense Minister Avigdor Lieberman announced later that his country had destroyed almost all of Iran’s significant military infrastructure in Syria.
by admin at 05-22-2018, 12:31 AM
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by Parsi Pride at 05-21-2018, 08:51 AM
Introduction to the work of Mirzakhani

Iran Khayyam - Part 1 of 8 "Intoxicating Rhymes & Sobering Wine" A Documentary about Omar Khayyam

The Persian astronomer, mathematician, and poet Omar Khayyam (1048-ca. 1132) made important contributions to mathematics, but his chief claim to fame, at least in the last 100 years, has been as the author of a collection of quatrains, the "Rubaiyat." Omar Khayyam was born in Nishapur in May 1048.

Kharazmi - The father of algebra Kharazmi 

Kharazmi's contributions to mathematics, geography, astronomy, and cartography established the basis for innovation in algebra and trigonometry. His systematic approach to solving linear and quadratic equations led to algebra, a word derived from the title of his book on the subject, "The Compendious Book on Calculation by Completion and Balancing".[sup][27][/sup]On the Calculation with Hindu Numerals written about 820, was principally responsible for spreading the Hindu–Arabic numeral system throughout the Middle East and Europe. It was translated into Latin as Algoritmi de numero Indorum. Al-Khwārizmī, rendered as (Latin) Algoritmi, led to the term "algorithm".Some of his work was based on Persian and Babylonian astronomy, Indian numbers, and Greek mathematics.Kharazmi systematized and corrected Ptolemy's data for Africa and the Middle East. Another major book was Kitab surat al-ard ("The Image of the Earth"; translated as Geography), presenting the coordinates of places based on those in the Geography of Ptolemy but with improved values for the Mediterranean Sea, Asia, and Africa.[sup][citation needed][/sup]He also wrote on mechanical devices like the astrolabe and sundial.He assisted a project to determine the circumference of the Earth and in making a world map for al-Ma'mun, the caliph, overseeing 70 geographers.[sup][28][/sup]When, in the 12th century, his works spread to Europe through Latin translations, it had a profound impact on the advance of mathematics in Europe.[sup][citation needed][/sup]
by Parsi Pride at 05-21-2018, 08:45 AM
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